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Glossary and Index for the Iliad

[This document, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College in Nanaimo, BC (now Vancouver Island University, is in the public domain (released November 2001) and may be used, in whole or in part, without charge and without permission, provided the source is acknowledged. For comments, questions, corrections, suggested revisions and so on, please contact Ian Johnston. Last revised October 1, 2001]


Introductory Comments

The following list contains virtually all the proper names mentioned in the Iliad, including place names. The line references are to the translation by Ian Johnston, available on line through this link (Iliad). In this translation, the English line number in the reference is, on average, about 15 to 20 percent higher than in the Greek text (this approximate figure also applies to the translations by Fagles and Fitzgerald also), but there is considerable variety from book to book.

Characters in the text are commonly identified either by a single name (e.g., Hector) or by the name of their father (e.g., son of Priam) or by both (e.g., Hector, son of Priam). This index includes the names of the fathers used in this way but does not include line references to the father's name in a patronymic identification of a character, unless the lines include some information about the father. Nor is there any reference given for phrases which provide casual references to people and places but which provide no information about them (e.g. "companion of war god Ares").

Several characters share the same name in the Iliad. However, with the exception of the two warriors called Ajax and the occasional ambiguity with the name Argos, such repetition is not particularly important, although it can get confusing for someone following the text closely (e.g., the various rivers, people, and horses called Xanthus). Sometimes a place or person may have two different names (other than the patronym): the only important cases of this duplication are Achaeans/Argives/Danaans, Paris/Alexander, Troy/Ilion, and Xanthus/Scamander.

As in common practice, with many of these names a dieresis indicates the separation of consecutive vowels in the pronunciation. For example Co÷n is pronounced to rhyme with "go on" not with "soon."

Those names in capital letters in the list below represent the major characters and places in the Iliad or minor characters who are mentioned repeatedly. Thus, anyone seeking a shorter index might edit the following list to include only those names.

Finally, the identification of each character limits itself to information in the Iliad and does not include material from other stories.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Abantes: people from Euboea (island near Athens), fighting with the Achaeans: in catalogue of ships (2.614).

Abarbarea: a nymph: mother of Aesepus and Pedasus (Trojan warriors); sex with Bucolion (6.25 ff).

Abas: a son of Eurydamas, a Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.170).

Abii: a tribe from the north of Hellas: Zeus looks away from battle to their land (13.8).

Ableros: Trojan warrior: killed by Antilochus (6.36).

Abydos: city near Troy, on the Hellespont: in the Trojan display of forces (2.917); home of Phaenops (17.712).

Acamas (1): son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: in display of Trojan forces (2.905); helps prepare troops for battle (11.62); one of the leaders in the assault on the wall (12.104); kills Promachus, boasts aloud, withdraws (14.553); killed by Meriones (16.400).

Acamas (2): son of Eussorus, leader of the Thracians: in Trojan display of forces (2.925); Ares takes on his form (5.548); killed by Telamonian Ajax (6.109).

Acessamenus: father of Periboea (mother of Asteropaeus, Trojan warrior) (21.170).

Achaea: mainland Greece.

Achaeans: collective name for the forces from Hellas under Agamemnon, used interchangeably with the term Argives or Danaans: want Agamemnon to accept the ransom for Chryseis (1.26); purify themselves in the sea, sacrifice to Apollo (1.348); part of Achilles' forces (2.757); abandon Philoctetes on Lemnos (2.795); compared to fire of Typhoeus as they move out in formation (2.858); march out in formation (3.7); keep trying to hit Hector (3.88); Priam mentions their numbers (3.199); pray that the truce will hold (3.333, 355); sense the gods will break the truce (4.98); move to battle in silence (4.494); start to push Trojans back (5.41); stand their ground against the Trojans (5.617); move back under attack by Hector (5.805); silent in face of Hector's challenge (7.106); pray for Ajax's lot to fall out, pray to Zeus (7.211 ff); go out to collect the dead and firewood (7.492); build a wall from the funeral pyre (7.508); eat and drink after collecting corpses, barter for wine (7.543); move out against the Trojans (8.61); pinned down in the ditch (8.247); respond to Zeus' favourable omen (8.294); retreat through their ditch (8.392); in the grip of panic (9.2); hold council meeting at night (10.236); respond to Strife's call (11.12); break through the Trojan ranks (11.97); future fate of their defensive wall (12.3); hemmed in at the ships (12.39); rallied by Poseidon (13.46); adopt close formation to stand against Trojans (13.151); in flight after the breaching of the wall (14.15); Zeus foretells the future of the war (15.74 ff); men sent back to ships, best men stay to fight (15.359); routed by Apollo with the aegis (15.379); forced behind the wall again (15.406); fighting from the decks of their ships (15.457); hold back Trojans from the ships, but driven back by Hector (15.721 ff); strip Sarpedon (16.771); put into panic by Apollo (17.149); defend Patroclus' body with help from Zeus (17.346); defensive formation over Patroclus' body (17.451); encourage each other over Patroclus' body (17.518); Zeus makes them run back (17.723); run back to ships (18.184); finally get Patroclus back (18.287); mourn Patroclus (18.393); move out to attack (19.433); mutilate Hector's body (22.471); collect wood and build a funeral pyre for Patroclus (23.133 ff); douse Patroclus' funeral fire, build a mound (23.300); call a halt to the fight between Ajax and Diomedes (23.1012).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Achelous (1): the name of a river in northern Greece: mentioned by Achilles (21.233).

Achelous (2): river in Asia Minor: in region where Nioble still broods (24.764).

ACHILLES: hero of the Iliad, leader of the Myrmidons (part of Achaeans army), son of Peleus and Thetis: summons an assembly, speaks to Achaeans (1.58 ff); offers to protect Calchas (1.89); quarrel with Agamemnon (1.130 ff); Agamemnon proposes him as possible leader of expedition to take back Chryseis (1.159); first threatens to return home (1.185); debates whether he should kill Agamemnon, advised by Athena not to (1.205 ff); concedes Briseis but threatens Agamemnon if he tries taking anything else (1.324); orders Patroclus to hand over Briseis (1.372); prays to his mother for help, she responds (1.388 ff); tells Thetis of his anger and desire for revenge (1.404 ff); tells story of Thetis' saving Zeus from other gods (1.439); sits isolated from the rest (1.543); hates Thersites (2.254); insulted by Thersites (2.283); handsomest of the Achaeans (2.748); in catalogue of ships (2.758); story of capture of Briseis (2.761); finest of Achaeans, excellence of his horses (2.845); story of his slaughter of Andromache's family (6.505); position of his ship (8.261); Nestor proposes Agamemnon make him an offer (9.127); visited by Achaean delegation seeking to persuade him to return (9.228); his lyre seized from EŰtion's city (9.228); entertains Achaean delegation, listens to the offer (9.240 ff); rejects Agamemnon's offer, listing his accomplishments, says he's going home (9.383 ff); recounts his fate (9.516); special relationship to Phoenix (9.551 ff); says he'll think about re-entering war when Trojans burn the ships (9.821); sleeps with Diomede (9.840); captured Isus and Antiphus (11.114); notices Nestor leaving the battle, sends Patroclus to find out what's happening (11.673); criticized by Nestor (11.740); in Peleus' house when Menoetius gives Patroclus instructions (11.888); Peleus gave him instructions (11.903); Idomeneus describes his speed (13.394); Zeus foretells his future (15.76); asks Patroclus why he's crying, gives him permission to re-enter the battle, with instructions (16.5 ff); sees burning ships, sends Patroclus to battle, helps organize the soldiers (16.154); his spear (16.171); organization of his forces (16.201); addresses the Myrmidons (16.235); his special cup, prays to Zeus (16.264 ff); helmet dirtied (16.921); Hector puts on his armour (17.251); ignorant of Patroclus' death (17.504); his horses lament Patroclus (17.531); Zeus refuses to let Hector have his horses (17.555); worried about Patroclus, hears the news from Antilochus, reaction (18.2 ff); talks to Thetis, regrets his life, accepts his fate, resolves to return to battle (18.94 ff); urged into action by Iris, complains about lack of armour (18.205); given aegis and power by Athena, shows himself at the ditch, cries out, confuses Trojans (18.253); mourns Patroclus, promises revenge (18.394); receives divine armour from Thetis (19.4 ff); calls assembly, renounces his anger with Agamemnon (19.49 ff); wants to resume war immediately, refuses to eat (19.182 ff); receives gifts from Agamemnon, Briseis returned (19.300 ff); lament over Patroclus (19.382 ff); given strength by Athena, puts on the divine armour (19.430 ff); gets in his chariot, talks with his horses (19.477); back in battle (20.51); eager to kill Hector (20.88); story of an early encounter with Aeneas (20.105); attacked by Aeneas, reminds him of previous encounter, Aeneas is saved by Poseidon who puts mist in Achilles' eyes (20.190 ff); his eyesight restored, rallies Achaeans (20.405 ff); attacks Trojans, kills Iphition, Demoleon, Hipodamas, Polydorus (20.457); fights with Hector, who is saved by Apollo (20.505 ff); kills Dryops, Demuchus, Laogonus, Dardanus, Tros, Mulius, Echeclus, Deucalion, Rhigmus, Areithous (20.546 ff); image of him in his chariot (20.591 ff); splits Trojans into two groups, kills Trojans in the river Xanthus, captures twelve young Trojans to sacrifice (21.3 ff); meets Lycaon, refuses to spare him, previous encounter with Lycaon, kills Lycaon (21.39 ff); challenges, fights, and kills Asteropaeus (21.177 ff); boasts of his lineage (21.220 ff); attacks Paeonian charioteers, kills Thersilochus, Mydon, Astypylus, Mnesus, Thrasius, Aenius, Ophelestes (21.244); attacked by the river Scamander, almost drowns, tries to run, appeals to Zeus (21.284 ff); fights Agenor, deceived by Apollo (21.710 ff); Apollo reveals the deception, upbraids Apollo (22.18); his appearance as he moves against Troy (22.33); chases Hector around Troy (22.174 ff); refuses Hector's negotiations, fights and kills him (22.324); strips Hector's armour, tells soldiers to sing a victory song, dishonours Hector's corpse by dragging it behind his chariot (22.474 ff); laments over Patroclus (23.4); dishonours Hector's body (23.28); goes to Agamemnon, refuses to eat or wash (23.40); visited by ghost of Patroclus (23.75); organizes the pyre for Patroclus, cuts hair, prays to river Spercheus, slaughters animals and captured Trojans on the pyre (23.153 ff); prays to the winds to help burn Patroclus' pyre (23.231); goes to sleep, but woken by Agamemnon (23.276); tells Achaeans to separate the bones from the pyre, gives instructions for his own tomb (23.282); organizes the funeral games, first the chariot race (23.309); explains the chariot course, sets an umpire (23.438); prevents fight between Lesser Ajax and Idomeneus (23.600); proposes special prize for Eumelus, challenged by Antilochus, agrees on a different prize (23.651); gives special prize to Nestor (23.756); sets up prizes for boxing (23.807); sets out prizes for wrestling match (23.865); sets out prizes for the footrace (23.912); gives Antilochus an additional prize (23.978); sets out prizes for the hand to hand fighting (23.983); sets out prizes for throwing irofn (23.1016); sets out prizes for archery contest (23.1046); sets out prize for spear throwing, award it to Agamemnon without a contest (23.1087); continues to mourn Patroclus and dishonour Hector's body (24.3 ff); urged by Thetis to accept a ransom for Hector's body, agrees (24.155 ff); description of his hut's defences (24.554); meets Priam in his hut, weeps for their losses (24.587 ff); orders women to wash Hector's body (24.720); shares a meal with Priam (24.771 ff); agrees to give Priam time to bury Hector properly (24.825); sleeps with Briseis beside him (24.833).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Acrisius: father of DanaŰ (a woman loved by Zeus).

Actaia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.50).

Actor (1): son of Azeus, father of Astyoche: mentioned (2.589).

Actor (2): alleged father of Cteatus and Eurytus, grandfather of Amphimachus: father of two men who beat Nestor in the chariot race (23.789).

Actor (3): father of Menoetius, grandfather of Patroclus.

Actor (4): father of Echecles.

Adamas: Trojan warrior, son of Asius: moves up with Asius against the wall (12.147); attacks Antilochus (13.669); killed by Meriones (13.678).

Admetus: son of Pheres, father of Eumelus (an Achaean warrior). (2.787); his fine horses (2.839).

Adresteia: town north of Troy: in display of Trojan forces (2.910).

Adrestus (1): king of Sicyon: in catalogue of ships (2.648); father of Aegialeia (5.490); his fine race horse Arion (23.423).

Adrestus (2): Trojan warrior, son of Merops, leader of troops from the Troad: in list of Trojan forces (2.912), killed by Diomedes (11.375).

Adrestus (3): Trojan warrior: captured alive by Menelaus, pleads for ransom, killed by Agamemnon (6.43 ff).

Adrestus (4): Trojan warrior, killed by Patroclus (16.808).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Aeacus: father of Peleus, grandfather of Achilles, son of Zeus: Achilles boasts of him as an ancestor (21.226).

Aegae: in Achaea, location of Poseidon's underwater palace (13.24).

Aegeus: father of Theseus, mentioned by Nestor (1.294).

Aegialeia: daughter of Adrestus, wife of Diomedes: (5.490).

Aegialus: town in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces (2.937).

Aegilips: region of Ithaca: in catalogue of ships (2.709).

Aegina: island off the Argolid: in the catalogue of ships (2.639).

Aegium: town ruled by Agamemnon: in the catalogue of ships (2.650).

AENEAS: major Trojan warrior, leader of Dardanians, son of Anchises and Aphrodite: in Trojan display of forces (2.900); summons Pandarus to shoot Diomedes (5.190); proposes that he and Pandarus challenge Diomedes (5.255); makes a stand over Pandarus' body, fights Diomedes, hiht by a rock, rescued by Aphrodite (5.353 ff); restored to full strength by Apollo, Leto, and Artemis (5.528); returns to battle (5.607); kills Crethon, Orsilochus (5.640); withdraws when faced by Menelaus and Antilochus (5.669); preparing troops for battle (11.60); one of the leaders in the assault on the wall (12.102); resentment of Priam (13.550); approached by De´phobus to fight Idomeneus, goes to fight Idomeneus (13.554 ff); calls out for assistance (13.589); battles over body of Alcathous (13.602 ff); throws spear at Idomeneus, misses (13.604); kills Aphareus (13.647); helps defend wounded Hector (14.497); kills Medon and Iasus (15.392); fights Meriones, taunts him (16.707); Apollo rouses him to fight, he rallies the troops, kills Leocritus (17.412 ff); goes after the horses of Achilles with Hector (17.599 ff); withdraws (17.654); pursues Achaeans taking away Patroclus (17.914); urged by Apollo in the form of Lycaon to fight Achilles (20.92); earlier encounter with Achilles (20.105); moves against Achilles (20.135); attacks Achilles, tells his ancestry, fights, is rescued by Poseidon (20.190 ff); told by Poseidon not to fight Achilles (20.394).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Aenius: Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.250).

Aenus: town in Thrace.

Aeolus: father of Sisyphus.

Aepea: city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.186).

Aepytus: man whose tomb is an important site in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.682).

Aesepus (1): river flowing near Troy from Mt. Ida to the sea: (2.908); stirred up by Apollo and Poseidon to destroy the wall (12.22).

Aesepus (2): son of Bucolion and Abarbarea: killed by Euryalus (6.30).

Aesyetes: father of Alcathous: his tomb as lookout (2.870); father of Alcathous (Trojan warrior) (13.515).

Aesymnus: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.343).

Aethe: a mare owned by Agamemnon: one of Menelaus' horses in the chariot race (23.354); strength in the race (23.640).

Aethrae: daughter of Pittheus, a servant attending on Helen: goes with her to the walls of Troy (3.158).

Aetolians: those living in Aetolia, an area of north-central Greece, part of the Achaean forces: in catalogue of ships (2.714); their old fight with the Curetes over Calydon (9.662 ff).

Agacles: father of Epeigeus (Achaean warrior).

Agamede: daughter of Augeias, wife of Mulius: knowledge of medicine (11.848).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

AGAMEMNON: king of Mycenae, son of Atreus, leader of Achaean forces, brother of Menelaus, commonly called "wide ruling," "mighty": dishonours Apollo's priest (1.12 ff); responds in anger to Calchas (1.109 ff); quarrel with Achilles (1.141 ff); proposes expedition to return Chryseis (1.154); acknowledges justness of Nestor's advice (1.316); organizes expedition to return Chryseis (1.344); visited by evil Dream sent by Zeus (2.17 ff); responds to Dream by getting dressed, organizing a council meeting (2.48 ff); reports dream to council, proposes a false order to return home (2.65); history of his royal staff (2.117 ff); speaks to troops, proposing a return home (2.128); insulted by Thersites (2.256); praises Nestor's advice, admits his error with Achilles (2.438); sacrifices an ox to Zeus (2.476); prays for success (2.484); orders a general parade of all the troops (2.515); Zeus makes him stand out in the army (2.555); in catalogue of ships (2.651); provides ships for Arcadians (2.688); calms Achaean troops (3.90); sends heralds for sacrificial animals (3.132); Priam and Helen discuss him (3.181 ff); prepares a sacrifice and makes a prayer for both armies (3.298 ff); proclaims Menelaus' victory over Paris, demands payment (3.512); reacts to Menelaus' wound from Pandarus (4.173 ff); orders Talthybius to fetch Machaon to heal Menelaus (4.225); rallies troops as Trojans advance (4.261 ff); talks to Idomeneus (4.300); sees Ajaxes and Nestor getting ready for battle, praises them (4.322 ff); meets Menestheus and Odysseus, upbraids Odysseus (4.383 ff); upbraids Diomedes and Sthenelus (4.429); kills Odius (5.42); rallies his troops, kills Deicoon (5.623); kills Elatos (6.38); tells Menelaus to show no mercy, kills Adrestus (6.61); repeated attempts to scale the walls (6.531); quiets down the troops (7.65); persuades Menelaus not to fight Hector (7.123); volunteers to fight Hector (7.196); sacrifices to Zeus, holds a feast to honour Ajax (7.367); tells Idaios that Achaeans reject Paris' offer to return all property (7.475); receives wine from Euneus (7.548); afraid of omens from Zeus (8.88); Hera gives him plan to rally the troops, he does so, praying to Zeus (8.252 ff); returns quickly to battle (8.307); praises Teucer (8.326); fearful in the night, summons counselors, proposes going home (9.9); makes an offer to win Achilles back (9.136 ff); greets embassy returning from Achilles (9.847); has trouble sleeping, goes to find Nestor (10.3 ff); meets Menelaus, instructs him what to do (10.38); visits Nestor (10.88); tells Diomedes to pick a companion for merit not rank (10.276); description of his armour (11.16 ff); kills Bienor, Oileus, Isus, Antiphus, Hippolochus, Peisander (11.99 ff); pursues Trojans almost to city (11.173 ff); kills Iphidamas and Co÷n (11.252 ff); is wounded and withdraws from battle (11.289 ff); walking with the wounded leaders, talks to Nestor, proposes organizing ships for a retreat (14.32 ff); arranges his troops (14.447); goes to assembly called by Achilles, is reconciled with him, blames Ate (19.62 ff); gives gifts to Achilles, returns Briseis, prays to Zeus (19.300 ff); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.378); sends out men to gather wood for Patroclus' pyre (23.133); dismisses the troops from the pyre, stays to mourn (23.194); wakes Achilles (23.279); receives prize for spear throwing from Achilles without a contest (23.1093).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Agapenor: son of Ancaeus, leader of Arcadian troops (part of Achaean forces): in catalogue of ships (2.686).

Agasthenes: son of Augeas, father of Polyxenus (a leader of Epeians).

Agastrophus: son of Paeon, Trojan warrior: wounded and killed by Diomedes (11.384).

Agathon: son of Priam: cursed by Priam (24.310).

Agave: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.51).

Agelaus (1): son of Phradmon, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (8.301).

Agelaus (2): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.343).

Agenor: son of Antenor, father of Echeclus, Trojan warrior: kills Elephenor (4.542); helps prepare troops for battle (11.61); one of the leaders in the attack on the wall (12.96); Aeneas calls him for assistance (13.591); helps wounded Helenus (13.711); helps defend wounded Hector (14.497); kills Clonius (15.401); incited by Apollo to fight Achilles, debates his options, fights Achilles, rescued by Apollo (21.658).

Aglaea: mother of Nireus, son of her and Charopus (2.746).

Agrius: son of Portheus (14.141).

Aidoneus: god, king of the dead (also called Hades): frightened by the earthquakes (20.72).

Aigaion: monster with a hundred hands (also called Briareos): summoned by Thetis to save Zeus (1.446).

Aipy: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.669).

Aisyme: town in Thrace: home of Kastianeira (8.356).

Aithices: inhabitants of a region of Thessaly: centaurs beaten there (2.817).

Aithos: one of Hector's horses (8.213).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

AJAX (1): son of Telamon, leader of forces from Salamis, greatest Achaean warrior after Achilles, known as the Great Ajax or the Greater Ajax:: Agamemnon threatens to take his prize (1.151); Agamemnon proposes him as possible leader of expedition to take back Chryseis (1.158); summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.479); in catalogue of ships (2.634); pre-eminence among the Achaeans (2.844); discussed by Priam and Helen (3.247); preparing for battle, praised by Agamemnon (4.323); kills Simoeisius (4.549); rouses the Danaans (5.614); kills Amphion, driven away from the body (5.717); kills Acamas (6.6); repeated attempts to scale the walls (6.531); volunteers to fight Hector (7.198); his lot selected to fight Hector, he gets ready and fights (7.216 ff); description of his shield (7.259); agrees to end duel with Hector, gives Hector a belt (7.331 ff); honoured at Agamemnon's feast (7.374); afraid of omens from Zeus (8.88); position of his ship (8.260); returns quickly to battle (8.308); protects Teucer in battle (8.313); protects wounded Teucer (8.386); proposed as delegate to visit Achilles (9.207); visits Achilles with the Achaean delegation (9.222 ff); speech in the embassy to Achilles (9.786); volunteers for spy mission (10.270); goes to help wounded Odysseus (11.534); kills Doryclus, Pandocus, Lysander, Pyrasus, Pylantes (11.552); Zeus makes him afraid, he withdraws slowly (11.615); rallies Achaeans by the wall (12.283); asked to help Menestheus, moves to do so (12.385); kills Epicles (12.416); moves to attack Sarpedon (12.441 ff); encouraged by Poseidon as Calchas, given power (13.49); responds to Poseidon's visit (13.87); pushes Hector back (13.233 ff); carries back body of Imbrius (13.242); Idomeneus reports his strength as a fighter (13.388); fights alongside O´lean Ajax (13.837); challenges Hector (13.956); hit by spear from Hector, not hurt, hits Hector with a rock (14.470 ff); kills Archelochus, boasts aloud (14.537); kills Hyrtius (14.596); collects the best men to fight Hector (15.359); Hector attacks him at the ships (15.486); kills Caletor (15.490); reacts to death of Lycophron (15.510); tells Teucer to get a spear (15.553); rallies the Achaeans (15.589); stirs up Achaeans (15.657); fights with a pike on the ships' decks (15.782 ff); forced back by spears, rallies Achaeans, wounds twelve men (15.840 ff); losing ground, getting tired fighting at the ships (16.127); spear cut by Hector, backs off (16.140); tries to kill Hector (16.417); stirred up by Patroclus (16.646); Menelaus urges him to fight over Patroclus (17.146 ff); moves up to protect Patroclus' body (17.164 ff); kills Trojans over Patroclus body, tells Menelaus to call for help (17.304 ff); rallies troops fighting over Patroclus, kills Hippothous (17.362 ff); kills Phorcys (17.399); organizes troops for defence of Patroclus (17.454); Automedon shouts to him for help (17.626); forces Hector to withdraw (17.651); prays to Zeus to help Achaeans (17.764 ff); recovers Patroclus' body with Menelaus and Meriones and O´lean Ajax (17.872 ff); beats Hector off Patroclus' body (18.194); enters the wrestling match with Odysseus (23.875); enters contest in hand to hand fighting, fights Diomedes (23.999); enters iron-throwing contest (23.1031).

AJAX (2): son of O´leus, leader of Locrian troops, the "swift" or "lesser" Ajax: summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.479); in the catalogue of ships (2.602); preparing for battle, praised by Agamemnon (4.323); rouses the Danaans (5.614); repeated attempts to scale the walls (6.531); volunteers to fight Hector (7.198); afraid of omens from Zeus (8.88); returns quickly to battle (8.308); rallies Achaeans by the wall (12.283); asked to help Menestheus (12.385); encouraged by Poseidon in the form of Calchas, gives him power (13.49); recognizes Poseidon as a god (13.74); carries back body of Imbrius (13.242); cuts off Imbrius' head (13.247); fights beside Telamonian Ajax (13.836); first into battle after Hector withdraws, wounds Satnius (14.516); does the most killing because of his speed (14.607); kills Cleobulus (16.386); stirred up by Patroclus (16.646); runs to help Telamonian Ajax and Menelaus (17.332); Automedon shouts to him for help (17.626); forces Hector to withdraw (17.651); helps recover Patroclus' body (17.872 ff); beats Hector off Patroclus' body (18.194); mocks Idomeneus during chariot race (23.577); enters the footrace, tripped by Athena, loses to Odysseus (23.929 ff); complains about Athena's helping Odysseus (23.961).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Alalcomenae: epithet associated with Athena (4.9).

Alastor (1): one of the Achaean warrior leaders serving under Nestor: receives his orders (4.346); helps wounded Teucer (8.388); helps take Hypsenor from the battle (13.509).

Alastor (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.784).

Alastor (3): father of Tros (a Trojan warrior).

Alcandrus: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.785).

Alcathous: son of Aesyetes and Hippodamia, Trojan warrior: one of the leaders of the assault on the wall (12.97); killed by Idomeneus (13.514).

Alcestis: daughter of Pelias, mother of Eumelus. (2.787).

Alcimedon: son of Laerces, Achaean warrior, leader of one contingent of Myrmidons (16.233); joins Automedon in Achilles' chariot (17.579 ff); gets instructions from Automedon (17.617).

Alcimus: Achaean warrior, attendant on Achilles (perhaps the same as Alcimedon): helps prepare Achilles' chariot (19.472); helps unload the ransom for Hector (24.712).

Alcmaon: son of Thestor, Achaean warrior: killed by Sarpedon (12.434).

Alcmene: a woman loved by Zeus, mother of Hercules (14.384); birth of Hercules (19.121).

Alcyone: what her parents called Cleopatra (9.707).

Alectryon: father of Leitus (Achaean warrior).

Alegenor: father of Promachus (Trojan warrior).

Alesium: a town of the Epeians (in northern Peloponnese): in catalogue of ships (2.694); Alesium Hill: place with Pylians turned back from chasing Epeians (11.869).

Alexander: another name for Paris.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

AloŰus: father of Otus and Ephialtes.

Alope: town in Pelasgian Argos: in catalogue of ships (2.755).

Alos: town in Pelasgian Argos: in catalogue of ships (2.754).

Alpheius: river in the Peloponnese: father of Orsilochus: near Thryoessa (11.811); site of battle between Epeians and Pylians (11.831); father of Orsilochus (5.644).

Altes: father of Laothoe, grandfather of Lycaon, ruler of the Leleges: gave rich dowry with Laothoe (22.65).

Althaea: mother of Meleager (9.697); begs the gods to kill her son (9.713).

Alybe: town of the Halizoni: where men mine silver (2.939).

Amarynces: father of Diores (a leader of Epeians); Nestor's achievements at his funeral games (23.777).

Amatheia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.57).

Amazons: female warriors: in Phrygia (3.206); massacred by Bellerophon (6.239).

Amisodarus: father of Atymnius and Maris: reared the Chimera (16.384).

Amopaon: son of Polyaimon, Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.323)

Amphiclus: Trojan warrior: killed by Meges (16.368).

Amphidamas (1): man from Cythera: receives cap from Autocylus, gives it to Molus (10.317).

Amphidamas (2): father of man killed by Patroclus long ago (23.105).

Amphigenea: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.670).

Amphimachus (1): leader of Epeians, part of the Achaean contingent, son of Cteatus: in catalogue of ships (2.697); killed by Hector (13.227).

Amphimachus (2): son of Nomion, leader of the Carians (Trojan allies): in the Trojan display of forces: (2.954).

Amphinome: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.53).

Amphion: leader of Epeians (Achaean warrior): (13.826).

Amphius (1): son of Selagus, Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (5.717).

Amphius (2): Trojan warrior, son of Merops, leader of troops from the Troad: in list of Trojan forces (2.912); killed by Diomedes (11.375).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Amphithoe: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.51).

Amphitryon: mortal father of Hercules.

Amphoterus: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.484).

Amydon: town of the Paeonians (in north-eastern Greece): in Trojan display of forces (2.930); (16.341).

Amyclae: town of Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in the catalogue of ships (2.660).

Amyntor: son of Ormenus, father of Phoenix (Achaean warrior): Autolycos stole his cap (10.315).

Ancaeus (1): father of Agapenor, an Achaean leader.

Ancaeus (2): an opponent defeated in wrestling by Nestor (23.783).

Anchialus: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.713).

Anchises (1): father of Aeneas (a Trojan warrior): had sex with Aphrodite (2.901); gets his mares pregnant from horses of Tros (5.318); conceives Aeneas with Aphrodite (5.370); his family tree (20.286).

Anchises (2): father of Echepolus (Achaean warrior).

Andraemon: father of Thoas (leader of Aetolians): home in Pleuron (13.263).

ANDROMACHE: wife of Hector, daughter of EŰtion: not at home when Hector visits (6.454); meets Hector by the Scaean Gate (6.480); tells the story of the slaughter of her family by Achilles (6.504); returns home (6.604); feeding Hector's horses (8.216); learns news of Hector's death (22.546 ff); predicts her son's fate (22.602); goes to meet Priam returning with Hector, laments over Hector (24.875).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Anemorea: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.596).

Antea: wife of Proetus: hostility to Bellerophon (6.199)

ANTENOR: senior Trojan councilor, father of Archilochus, Acamas, Helicaon, Iphidamas, Laodocus, Pedaios, Polybus, Agenor, Laodamas, Demoleon, and Co÷n: at the Scaean Gates with Priam, comments on Helen (3.159); story of his welcoming Odysseus, description of Menelaus' and Odysseus' speaking (3.222); goes with Priam to the armies (3.293); returns with Priam (3.350); advises Trojans to give back Helen (7.404).

Anthedon: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.584).

Antheia: city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.185).

Anthemion: father of Simoeisius (Trojan warrior).

ANTILOCHUS: son of Nestor: kills Echepolus (4.529); moves up to help Menelaus (5.661); kills Mydon (5.680); kills Ableros (6.36); encouraged by Poseidon in the form of Calchas (13.106); kills Asius' charioteer (13.482 ff); stands over Hypsenor's body (13.505); kills Tho÷n (13.652); protected by Poseidon (13.662); strips armour from Phalces and Mermerus (14.600); Menelaus urges him to jump out in battle, kills Melanippus (15.665); withdraws when Hector appears (15.684); kills Atymnius (16.372); position in the battle (17.477); told by Menelaus to inform Achilles of Patroclus' death, sets off (17.830); comes to Achilles, tells him of Patroclus' death, worried about suicide (18.2 ff); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.295); enters chariot race, gets advice from Nestor (23.362); in the chariot race, fouls Menelaus (23.486 ff); comes second in chariot race, defends his right to the prize (23.627); challenged by Menelaus for foul, concedes, surrenders prize, gets it back (23.693); enters the footrace, comes in last (23.930); pays tribute to Odysseus, gets additional prize (23.967).

Antimachus: father of Hippolochus and Peisander: advised Trojans to kill Menelaus (11.153).

Antiphates: Trojan warrior: killed by Leonteus (12.198).

Antiphonus: son of Priam: cursed by Priam (24.311).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Antiphus (1): son of Thessalus, grandson of Hercules, leader of men from many Aegean Islands (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.751).

Antiphus (2): son of Talaemenes and Gygaea, leader of Meonians (allies of the Trojans): in Trojan display of forces (2.947).

Antiphus (3): son of Priam: kills Leucus (4.567); killed by Agamemnon (11.110).

Antrum: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.770).

Apaesus: town to the north of Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.910).

Aphareus: son of Caletor, Achaean warrior: leads out sentinels (9.102); Idomeneus calls him for assistance (13.575); killed by Aeneas (13.647).

APHRODITE: divine daughter of Zeus and Hera, goddess of erotic love: mother of Aeneas (2.901); rescues Paris from Menelaus in their duel (3.407); tells Helen to visit Paris, threatens Helen (3.427 ff); rescues Aeneas from Diomedes (5.367); wounded by Diomedes, asks Ares for his horses, leaves the battle (5.390 ff); complains to her mother, who heals her wound (5.442); Hera summons her, asks her for a love charm, she agrees (14.224 ff); Zeus tells Hera to summon him (15.66); leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.49); leads wounded Ares from the battle, attacked by Athena, collapses (21.500 ff); protects Hector's corpse (23.223).

Apisaon (1): son of Phausius, Trojan warrior: killed by Eurypylus (11.651).

Apisaon (2); son of Hippasus, Trojan warrior: killed by Lycomedes (17.444).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

APOLLO: divine son of Zeus and Leto, supports Trojans in the war: sends plague to Achaean army (1.10); hears Chryses, comes to kill Achaeans (1.147); Achaeans sacrifice to him (1.350); hears prayer of Chryses (1.512); enjoys the hymns to him (1.530); sends favorable winds (1.534); plays music for the gods (1.678); bred Admetus' horses (2.842); taught Pandarus archery (2.909); rallies the Trojans (4.586); catches Aeneas when Aphrodite drops him (5.406); warns Diomedes not to attack him (5.521); restores Aeneas' power (5.528); makes a copy of Aeneas (5.533); calls on Ares to check Diomedes (5.538); instructs Ares to save the Trojans (5.601); sends Aeneas back to the fighting (5.604); meets Athena, agrees to postpone battle for the day (7.22 ff); observes troops perched in a tree with Athena (7.67); restores Hector (7.319); built wall around Troy for Laomedon (7.528); wealth of his shrine in Pytho (9.510); took away Marpissa (9.710); wakes Hippocoon to alert him to the slaughter of Thracians (10.617); gave Hector a helmet (11.401); destroys Achaean wall in future (12.18 ff); told by Hera to go to Zeus (15.173); Zeus instructs him to restore wounded Hector (15.266); goes to Hector, restores his strength (15.285); leads the Trojans, holding the aegis (15.365); knocks down the wall, builds causeway over the ditch (15.420); saves Polydamas (15.614); answers Glaucus' prayer for restored strength (16.614); Zeus tells him to take Sarpedon's body, he does so (16.775 ff); drives Patroclus from the walls of Troy (16.815 ff); tells Hector to return to battle (in the form of Asius) (16.834); attacks Patroclus (16.914 ff); urges Hector against Menelaus in the form of Mentes (17.89); rouses Aeneas to fight in the shape of Periphas (17.411 ff); encourages Hector in the form of Phaenops (17.708); leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.48); balances Poseidon in battle (20.79); urges Aeneas to fight Achilles (in the form of Lycaon), gives him strength (20.92 ff); sits with other gods on Callicolone (20.184); tells Hector not to fight Achilles directly (20.449); saves Hector from Achilles (20.530); river Scamander calls out to him to stop Achilles (21.275); declines Poseidon's invitation to fight (21.556); returns to Troy (21.622); goes out to meet Achilles, incites Agenor to fight Achilles (21.649); rescues Agenor from Achilles by deceiving Achilles as Agenor (21.717); reveals his deception to Achilles (22.8); puts power into Hector's running (22.253); abandons Hector (22.265); protects Hector's corpse (23.227); hinders Diomedes in the chariot race (23.464); protects Hector's body from lacerations (24.18); appeals to gods to do something for Hector's body, criticizes Achilles' behaviour (24.35); his slaughter of Niobe's sons (24.749).

Apseudes: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.54).

Araethyrea: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.647).

Arcadia: region in central Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.681).

Arcadians: inhabitans of Arcadia: their battle with Pylians (7.157).

Archelochus: son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: in the display of forces (2.904); one of the leaders for assault on the wall (12.103); killed by Telamonian Ajax (14.540).

Arcesilaus: one of the Boeotian leaders: in the Achaean force (2.570); killed by Hector (15.389).

Archeptolemos: son of Iphitus, Trojan warrior: Hector makes him his charioteer (8.147); killed by Teucer (8.363).

Areilycus (1): father of ProthoŰnor (Achaean warrior).

Areilycus (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.362).

Areithous (1): father of Menesthius (Achaean warrior): called the Mace-man, killed by Lycurgus (7.163).

Areithous (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.585).

Arene: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.668); site of battle with Epeians (11.827).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

ARES: son of Zeus, Olympian god of war (especially the destructive aspects): urges Trojans onto battle (4.511); led from battle by Athena (5.33); giives his horses to Aphrodite (5.429); his suffering at the hands of Otus and Ephialtes (5.454); challenged by Apollo to check Diomedes, goes into battle, rallies the Trojans in form of Acamas (5.538 ff); helps Trojans by concealing them in darkness (5.599); stirs war spirit in Menelaus (planning his death) (5.660); leads the Trojans, helps Hector (5.696); Hera seeks permission from Zeus to chase Ares from battle (5.864); attacked by Diomedes and Athena, wounded, and retires from battle (5.963 ff); appeals to Zeus (5.994 ff); killed Isander (6.260); on Olympus, unaware that son has been killed (13.626); Hera tells him his son's been killed, angry, restrained by Athena (15.134 ff); on Achilles' shield (18.640); leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.47); encourages Trojans in battle (20.61); sits with other gods on Callicolone (20.184); attacks Athena, is wounded by her (21.471).

Aretaon: Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (6.36).

Aretus: Trojan warrior: goes with Aeneas and Hector to fight Automedon (17.611); killed by Automedon (17.637).

Argeas: father of Polymelus (Trojan warrior).

Argissa: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.810).

ARGIVES: see Achaeans.

Argolid: area in the north-west Peloponnese.

Argos (1): town in northern Peloponnese ruled by Diomedes: Hera's special love for Argos (4.63).

Argos (2): a large area ruled by Agamemnon.

Argos (3): a general term for the homeland of Achaeans generally (i.e., mainland Greece and Peloponnese): Zeus takes Hercules back there (15.35).

Argos (4): region in north-east Greece, part of the kingdom of Peleus (sometimes called Pelasgian Argos): in catalogue of ships (2.754).

Argus: monster killed by Hermes (who is commonly called "the killer of Argus").

Ariadne: daughter of Minos: a dancing floor constructed for her (18.724).

Arimi: people living in the region where the monster Typhoeus lies underground (2.861).

Arion: a horse belonging to Adrestus (23.423).

Arisbas: father of Leocritus (Achaean warrior).

Arisbe: town on the Hellespont, north of Troy: in the Trojan display of forces (2.918); home of Axylus (6.15); home of Asius (12.101); Lycaon sent there by EŰtion (21.50).

Arne: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.582); home of Menesthius (7.9).

Arsinous: father of Hecamede.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

ARTEMIS: goddess, daughter of Zeus and Hera, sister of Apollo: taught Scamandrius to shoot (5.56); helps to restore Aeneas (5.530); killed Laodamia (6.262); killed Andromache's mother (6.522); incites Aetolians and Curetes to fight (9.667); invoked by Achilles (19.71); leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.48); opposed by Hera in battle (20.81); angry with Apollo for not fighting Poseidon, beaten by Hera (21.566); seeks consolation from Zeus (21.609); her slaughter of Niobe's daughters (24.750).

Asaeus: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.341).

Ascalaphus: human son of Ares, Achaean warrior, leader of Minyans: in catalogue of ships (2.587); leads out the sentinels (9.101); Idomeneus calls him for assistance (13.575); killed by De´phobus (13.623).

Ascania: region in Phrygia: in Trojan display of forces (2.946); reinforcements from there (13.939).

Ascanius: Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and others to centre of the battle (13.938).

Asclepius: father of Podaleirus and Machaon.

Asine: town in the Argolid: in the catalogue of ships (2.638).

Asius (1): son of Hyrtacus, leader of troops from Troad (part of Trojan forces): in Trojan display troops (2.918); one of the leaders in the assault on the wall (12.99); refuses to follow tactics of Polydamas (12.115); killed by Idomeneus (12.122 ff); vexation with Zeus (12.170).

Asius (2): Trojan warrior: challenges Idomeneus, is killed (13.467).

Asius (3): Trojan warrior, brother of Hecuba, Hector's uncle: Apollo takes on his form (16.835).

Asopus: river in Boeotia: (4.448).

Aspledon: city of the Minyans: in catalogue of ships (2.586).

Assaracus: son of Tros, father of Capys (father of Anchises): his family line (20.277).

Asterius: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.807).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Asteropaeus: alleged son of Pelagon, son of the river Axius and Periboea, Trojan warrior: one of the leaders of the assault on the wall (12.107); encouraged by Hector (17.280); best of the Paeonians (17.448); tries to assault the Achaeans (17.449); his family line, fights Achilles and is killed (21.168 ff); his breastplate given as consolation prize in the chariot race (23.686); his sword offered as a prize in the hand to hand combat (23.991).

Astyalus: Trojan warrior: killed by Polypoetes (6.34).

Astyanax: son of Hector and Andromache, an infant, also called Scamandrius: Hector meets him and Andromache at the Scaean Gate: (6.487); afraid of his father in armour (6.572); Andromache predicts his fate (22.602).

Astynous (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.164).

Astynous (2): son of Protiaon, Trojan warrior: takes horses for Polydamas (15.534).

Astyoche: mother of Ialmenus and Ascalaphus (Achaean warriors), sons of Ares: her seduction mentioned (2.589).

Astyocheia: mother of Tlepolemus (with Hercules): (2.732).

Astypylus: Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.250).

Ate: divine daughter of Zeus, responsible for human and divine folly: Agamemnon blames her, tells how she deceived Zeus (19.113 ff); thrown out of Olympus (19.156).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

ATHENA: goddess daughter of Zeus, strong supporter of the Achaeans, commonly called "glittery eyed": intervenes to stop Achilles killing Agamemnon (1.212); story of her attempt to tie up Zeus (1.443); sent by Hera to restore order to Argives, does so through Odysseus (2.181 ff); moves with aegis through the Achaean forces (2.520); angry with Zeus (4.25); instructed to break truce, goes to persuade Pandarus to kill Menelaus, in the shape of Laodocus (4.88 ff); saves Menelaus from Pandarus' arrow (4.152); helps Tydeus win against the Cadmeans (4.457); urges Achaeans on to battle (4.511); rallies the Achaeans (4.595); gives special fighting power to Diomedes (5.1 ff); persuades Ares to leave the war (5.32); special love for Phereclus (5.68); hears Diomedes' prayer for strength, instructs him not to fight with gods except Aphrodite (5.139); teases Aphrodite in front of Zeus (5.499); agrees to go with Hera to see Zeus in Hera's chariot, puts on robe of Zeus (5.826); Zeus tells her to chase Ares from the battle (5.874); rouses Diomedes to fight Ares (5.907); serves as Diomedes' charioteer, helps him fight Ares (5.957); puts on Hades' helmet to make herself invisible (5.967); returns to Olympus (5.1038); Hector tells his mother to sacrifice to her (6.338); women of Troy pray to her, refuses their prayer (6.377); moves down to help the Achaeans, meets Apollo, agrees to postpone battle for the day (7.19 ff); observes the combat perched in a tree with Apollo (7.67); responds to Zeus' threats to punish gods who intervene in the war (7.35); talks to Hera, suggests they visit the battle (8.415); puts on the robe of Zeus, goes with Hera to visit battlefield (8.447); turned back by Iris (8.479 ff); sends omen to Odysseus and Diomedes (10.325); gives Diomedes strength to catch Dolon (10.436); tells Diomedes to return (10.608); acknowledges Agamemnon with peal of thunder (11.45); saves Odysseus from a spear throw (11.495); brings message to the Pylians (11.816); turned Pylians back (11.870); stops Ares from going to battle (15.148 ff); planning Hector's death (15.715); removes mist for Achaean troops (15.776); stirs Achaeans to fight over Patroclus, encourages Menelaus in the form of Phoenix (17.666 ff); gives Achilles the aegis, joins his shout (18.254 ff); robs Trojans of their wits (18.389); on shield of Achilles (18.639); told by Zeus to give strength to Achilles, does so (19.415 ff); leaves Olympus to help Achaeans (20.42); encourages Achaeans in battle (20.58); opposed by Enyalius (20.80); helped Achilles against Aeneas, told him to kill the Leleges (20.112); told by Hera to help Achaean, goes with her and Poseidon to sit on the wall (20.139 ff); blows Hector's spear away from Achilles (20.535); stands by Achilles in the river (21.344); attacked by Ares, wounds him with a rock, Aphrodite leads him away (21.471 ff); urged by Hera to attack Aphrodite, does so (21.503); objects to Zeus' suggestion that Hector might be spared, goes to intervene (22.218); tells Achilles how she will trick Hector (22.266); assumes shape of Deiphobus, persuades Hector to stop running, tricks Hector (22.281); helps Diomedes, makes Eumelus' chariot crash in the race (23.470 ff); objects to gods' plans to have Hermes steal Hector's body (24.27); makes room for Thetis before Zeus (24.124)

Athens: town in Attica: in catalogue of ships (2.623).

Athos: promontory in northern Greece: Hera passes there on the way to visit Sleep (14.275).

Atreus: king of Argos, son of Pelops, father of Agamemnon and Menelaus (known as the "sons of Atreus"): receives royal staff from Pelops, passes it on to his brother Thyestes (2.122).

Atymnius (1): father of Mydon (Trojan warrior).

Atymnius (2): son of Amisodarus, Trojan warrior: killed by Antilochus (16.373).

Augeiae (1): town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.609).

Augeiae (2): town in Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.659);

Augeias: king of Elis, father of Agamede, Agasthenes, grandfather of Polyxenus (leader of Epeians): keeps Neleus' horses (11.795); father in law of Mulius (11.847).

Aulis: place in Boeotia where the Achaean fleet assembled for the Trojan expedition: mentioned by Odysseus (3.356); in catalogue of ships (2.572).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Autolycus: stole cap from Amyntor (10.314).

AUTOMEDON: son of Diores, Achaean warrior: prepares Patroclus' chariot and horses (16.175); clears tangle of Patroclus' horses (16.551); tries to rouse Achilles horses (17.535); fights from a chariot without a weapon, brings on Alcimedon, attacked by Hector (17.569 ff); prays to Zeus, receives strength, calls for help to the Ajaxes (17.614 ff); kills Aretus (17.635); evades Hector's spear (17.645); strips armour, boasts aloud (17.657); helps prepare Achilles' chariot (19.472); deals with Priam's cart and bring in the ransom (24.712); sets out bread for Achilles and Priam (24.776).

Autonous (1): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.341).

Autonous (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.809).

Autophonus: father of Polyphontes.

Axius: river in Paeonia (in north-eastern Greece), also the river god: in Trojan list of forces (2.930); (16.341); father of Asteropaeus (with Periboea) (21.169).

Axylus: son of Teuthranus, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (6.14).

Azeus: father of Actor.

Balius: one of Achilles' horses (16.180; 19.480).

Bathycles: son of Chalcon, Achaean warrior: killed by Glaucus (16.691).

Batieia: a mound in the plain in front of Troy (also called tomb of Myrine): (2.894).

Bear: constellation (also called the Wain): depicted on Achilles' shield (18.604).

Bellerophon: son of Glaucus: his story told by descendant Glaucus (his grandson) (6.193).

Bessa: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.608).

Bias (1): an Achaean warrior leader serving with Nestor: receives his orders (4.347).

Bias (2): Achaean warrior, one of the leaders of Athenians: fighting against Hector (13.824).

Bias (3): father of Laogonus and Dardanus (Trojan warriors).

Bienor: Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (11.99).

Boagrius: river in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.610).

Boebea: name of a lake and town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.784).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Boeotia: region of central Greece whose men are part of Achaean forces: in catalogue of ships (2.570, 2.601); Boeotians fighting against Hector (13.817).

Boreas: the north wind: Achilles prays to it, Iris delivers the prayer, the wind answers the request (23.234 ff).

Borus (1): father of Phaestus (a Trojan warrior).

Borus (2): son of Perieres, husband of Polydora, passes as father of Menesthius (16.210).

Boucolion: son of Laomedon, father of Pedasus and Aesepus (Trojan warriors): sex with Abarbarea (6.28).

Boucolus: father of Sphelus.

Boudeum: original home of Epeigeus (Achaean warrior).

Bouprasium: region in Epeia, in northern Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.692); Pylians chase Epeians there (11.867); site of the funeral games for Amarynceus, Nestor's achievements there (23.778).

Briareos: see Aigaion.

BRISEIS: daughter of Briseus, captive awarded to Achilles: Agememnon threatens to take her away (1.201); heralds fetch her from Achilles (1.369 ff); story of her capture by Achilles (2.761); (9.128); Agamemnon offers to return her, swears he hasn't had sex with her (9.158); Achilles wishes she'd been killed (19.70); returned to Achilles, Agamemnon swears he has not had sex with her (19.303 ff); laments over the corpse of Patroclus (19.344); sleeps with Achilles (24.834).

Briseus: father of Briseis.

Bryseae: town in Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.659).

Cadmeians: citizens of Thebes in Boeotia: Tydeus visits them and competes against them, they try to ambush him (4.451 ff); Tydeus beats them with Athena's help (5.919).

Cadmus: king of Thebes: his sons beaten at the funeral games of Oedipus (23.840).

Caeneus: father of Coronus, grandfather of Leonteus (an Achaean warrior): mentioned by Nestor as an old comrade (1.291).

CALCHAS: son of Thestor, priest and interpreter of omens for Achaean army: responds to Achilles in assembly (1.73 ff); interprets Apollo's anger (1.98); abused by Agamemnon (1.110); Odysseus tells of C.'s original prophecy about how long the war would last (2.350); Poseidon takes on his form to rally Achaeans (13.48).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Calesius: Trojan warrior:killed by Diomedes (6.21).

Caletor (1): father of Aphareus (Achaean warrior).

Caletor (2): son of Clytius, Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (15.491).

Calianassa: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.55).

Callianeira: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.53).

Calliarus: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.608).

Callicolone: a hill near Troy: Ares moves along there encouraging Trojans (20.64); gods supporting Trojan gather there (20.183).

Calydnian Islands: islands in the Aegean Sea: in catalogue of ships (2.751).

Calydon: town in Aetolia: in catalogue of ships (2.716); site of battle between Aetolians and Curetes, home of Meleager (9.662 ff); home of Andraemon (13.263); home of Portheus (14.141).

Cameirus: town in Rhodes: in catalogue of ships (2.731).

Capaneus: father of Sthenelus (Achaean warrior).

Capys: son of Assaracus, father of Anchises (father of Aeneas): his family (20.285).

Cardamyle: city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.184).

Caresus: river from Mount Ida to the sea: stirred up by Apollo or Poseidon to destroy the wall (12.21).

Carians: inhabitants of Caria (a region of Asia Minor), allies of the Trojans: in display of Trojan forces (2.951); (4.166); camped beside the sea (10.512).

Carystus: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.217).

Cassandra: daughter of Priam, wife of Orthryoneus: (13.442); sees Priam and Idaios arrive, calls out to the city (24.860).

Castianeira: mother of Gorgythion (son of Priam).

Castor: brother of Helen, Achaean warrior: already dead at home (3.261).

Casus: island in the Aegean Sea: in catalogue of ships (2.750).

Caucones: people of Asia Minor, Trojan allies: encamped by the sea: (10.513); preparing to fight (20.391).

Caystrios: river in Asia Minor: (2.536).

Cebriones: bastard son of Priam: advises Hector to attack Ajax (11.588); one of the leaders in the attack on the wall (12.95); goes with Hector and others to the centre of the battle (13.936); goes into battle with Hector, killed by Patroclus, fight over his body (16.848 ff).

Celadon: river on the borders of Pylos (7.159).

Centaurs: wild creatures, half human, half horse, living on Mt. Pelion: beaten away from Pelion by Peiritho÷s (1.298, 2.816).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Ceos: father of Troezenus, grandfather of Euphemus (Trojan ally).

Cephallenians: troops in Odysseus' contingent (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.707).

Cephisia: lake in Boeotia (5.816).

Cephissus: river in Phocis: in catalogue of ships (2.597).

Cerinthus: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.616).

Chalcis (1): town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.616).

Chalcis (2): town in Aetolia: in catalogue of ships (2.716).

Chalcodon: father of Elephenor (an Achaean warrior) in catalogue of ships (2.613).

Chalcon: father of Bathycles (Achaean warrior).

Charis: goddess, wife of Hephaestus: meets Thetis, welcomes her (18.474).

Charops: son of Hippasus, brother of Socus, Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.485).

Charopus: father of Nireus (Achaean warrior).

Chersidamas: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.481).

Chimera: legendary monster: killed by Bellerophon (6.230); raised by Amisodarus (16.385).

Chiron: a centaur: gave medicines to Asclepius (4.256); gave spear to Peleus (16.174; 19.471).

Chromius (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.784).

Chromius (2): one of the leaders of troops from Pylos: receives orders from Nestor (4.346).

Chromius (3): son of Priam: killed by Diomedes (5.184).

Chromius (4): Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.322).

Chromius (5): Trojan warrior: goes with Aeneas and Hector to attack Automedon (17.610); withdraws (17.654).

Chromis: Trojan ally, leader of Mysians: in Trojan display of forces (2.940).

Chroraius: Trojan warrior: encouraged by Hector (17.281).

Chryse: town near Troy, home of the priest Chryses: (1.40); (1.107); (1.119); (1.506).

Chryseis: daughter of Chryses, captured by Achaeans: Apollo's anger that she's not ransomed (1.15); Calchas says she must be given back (1.104); Agamemnon refuses to give her back (1.119); Agamemnon proposes expedition for her return (1.154); led on board ship for return (1.345); Achilles tells story of her capture (1.409); taken to Chryse, reunited with her father (1.481 ff).

Chryses: priest of Apollo, father of Chryseis: insulted by Agamemnon (1.12 ff); prays to Apollo for revenge (1.38); reunited with his daughter, prays to Apollo to lift the plague from Achaeans (1.490 ff.); sacrifices to Apollo (1.513).

Chrysothemis: daughter of Agamemnon (9.175).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Cicones: Trojan allies from Thrace: in Trojan display of forces (2.928).

Cilicians: people ruled by EŰtion: (6.484).

Cilla: town near Troy: (1.40); (1.506).

Cinyras: man in Cyprus: gave breast plate to Agamemnon (11.21).

Cisseus: father of Theano: raised Iphidamas, tries to stop Iphidamas going to war (11.255).

Cleitus: son of Peisenor, Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (15.521).

Cleobulus: Trojan warrior: killed by O´lean Ajax (16.386).

Cleonae: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.647).

Cleopatra: daughter of Maripessa and Ides, wife of Meleager (9.699); begs Meleager to defend the city (9.744).

Clonius: one of the Boeotian leaders in the Achaean force; in catalogue of ships (2.571); killed by Agenor (15.401).

Clymene (1): one of Helen's attendants: goes with her to the walls of Troy (3.158).

Clymene (2): a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.55).

Clytaemnestra: wife of Agamemnon: Agamemnon mentions her (1.121).

Clytius (1): son of Laomedon, brother of Priam, senior Trojan statesman: with Priam at the Scaean Gates, observes Helen (3.162); father of Caletor (15.491); his family tree (20.284).

Clytius (2): father of Dolops (Trojan warrior).

Clytomedes: son of Enops: defeated in boxing by Nestor (23.782).

Cnossus: large city in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.721); labyrinth there (18.723).

Coeranus (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.784).

Coeranus (2): Achaean warrior: saves Idomeneus, killed by Hector (17.744).

Confusion: deity: depicted on Achilles' shield (18.659).

Co÷n: eldest son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: attacks Agamemnon, wounds him, is killed (11.284).

Copae: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.578)

Copreus: father of Periphetes (Achaean warrior): took messages to Hercules (15.744).

Corinth: city on the isthmus dividing mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, part of Agamemnon's kingdom, also called Ephyre: in catalogue of ships (2.646).

Coronea: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.579).

Coronus: son of Caeneus, father of Leonteus (an Achaean warrior).

Cos: island in the Aegean Sea: in catalogue of ships (2.750); Hercules ended up there (15.34).

Cranae: island where Paris took Helen after abducting her from Sparta: (3.501).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Crapathus: island in the Aegean Sea: in catalogue of ships (2.750).

Creon: father of Lycomedes (Achaean warrior).

Cretans: inhabitants of the island of Crete, led by Idomeneus: in catalogue of ships (2.720).

Crethon: son of Diocles, Achaean warrior: killed by Aeneas (5.640).

Croesmus: Trojan warrior: killed by Meges (15.616).

Cromna: town in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces (2.937).

Crisa: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.595).

Crocylea: region of Ithaca: in catalogue of ships (2.708).

Cronos: father of Zeus and Hera, husband of Rhea: imprisoned in Tartarus (8.563); forced underground by Zeus (14.244); his three sons (15.223).

Cteatus: alleged son of Actor, son of Poseidon, father of Amphimachus (leader of Epeians, part of Achaean contingent).

Curetes: people living in Aetolia: their battle with Aetolians over Calydon (9.662).

Cyllene: mountain in Arcadia (in central Peloponnese): in catalogue of ships (2.681); home of Otus (15.610).

Cymodoce: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.48).

CymothoŰ: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.49).

Cynus: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.607).

Cyparisseis: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.669).

Cyparissus: town in Phocis: in catalogue of ships (2.594).

Cyphus: town in northern Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.822).

Cythera: place of origin of Amphidamas; original home of Lycophron (15.504).

Cytorus: town in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces (2.935).

Daedalus: architect of labyrinth at Cnossus (18.723).

Daitor: Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.322).

Damasus: Trojan warrior: killed by Polypoetes (12.190).

Damastor: father of Trojan warrior Tlepolemus.

DANAANS: see Achaeans.

DanaŰ: daughter of Acrisius: mother of Perseus after sex with Zeus (14.379).

Dardanians: people from around Troy, led by Aeneas.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Dardanus (1): son of Zeus, founder of Dardania (Trojan settlement before Troy); father of Erichthonius: his story told by Aenaes (20.257 ff); especially loved by Zeus (20.364).

Dardanus (2): son of Bias, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.551).

Dardans (Dardanians): a group of Trojan people led by Aeneas (sometimes used almost interchangeably with the term Trojans): in Trojan display of forces (2.900); fated to survive (20.362).

Dardanus: son of Bias, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.551).

Dares: Trojan priest of Hephaestus, father of Phegeus and Ideus: (5.10).

Daulis: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.595).

Dawn: goddess: (1.532); (2.56); (8.1); sleeps beside Tithonus (11.1); (19.1); (23.131); appears just after the morning star (23.270); (24.856).

Death (1): brother of Sleep: deals with Sarpedon's body (16.794).

Death (2): goddess: depicted on Achilles' shield (18.660).

De´co÷n: son of Pergasus, Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (5.631).

De´ochus: Achaean warrior: killed by Paris (15.402).

De´opites: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.479).

DE¤PHOBUS: son of Priam, Trojan warrior: one of the leaders for the assault on the wall (12.97); steps forward to challenge Achaeans, struck by Meriones, withdraws (13.182 ff); challenges Idomeneus, kills Hypsenor (13.488); seeks out Aeneas to fight Idomeneus (13.546 ff); Aeneas calls to him for assistance (13.591); throws spear at Idomeneus, hits Ascalaphus (13.621); strips helmet from Ascalaphus, wounded by Meriones in the arm, withdraws from battle (13.633 ff); Athena takes on his shape to trick Hector (22.281); cursed by Priam (24.312).

De´pylus: companion of Sthenelus, Achaean warrior: takes horses of Aeneas back to the camp (5.384).

De´pyrus: Achaean warrior: leads out sentinels (9.102); encouraged by Poseidon in the form of Calchas (13.105); Idomeneus calls to him for assistance (13.576); killed by Helenus (13.687).

Deisenor: Trojan warrior: encouraged by Hector (17.280).

Demeter: goddess of grain and food generally: her shrine (2.769); Zeus' love for her (14.388); Lycaon appeals to her name (21.89).

Democo÷n: illegitimate son of Priam: killed by Odysseus (4.577).

Demoleon: son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.475).

Demouchus: son of Philetor, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.548).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Deucalion (1): father of Idomeneus, son of Minos: (13.541).

Deucalion (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.573).

Dexamene: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.52).

Dexios: father of Iphinous (Achaean warrior).

Diocles: son of Orsilochus, father of Crethon and Orsilochus (Achaean warriors).

Diomede: daughter of Phrobas: captured by Achilles from Lesbos, sleeps with him (9.840).

DIOMEDES: son of Tydeus, king of Argos, a younger (but major) warrior with Achaeans: summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.480); in catalogue of ships (2.640); upbraided by Agamemnon before the battle (4.434); advises Sthenelus to be quiet (4.480); receives special fighting power from Athena (5.1); kills Phegeus, almost kills Ideus (5.19 ff); active in the battle (5.96); hit with arrow from Pandarus (5.111); tells Sthenelus to pull out the arrow, prays for strength, has strength restored (5.123 ff); kills Astynous, Hyperion, Abus, Polyidus, Xanthus, Thoon, Echemmon, Chromius (5.164 ff); refuses to draw back from battle, plans to get Aeneas' horses (5.297); challenges, fights, and kills Pandarus (5.340); hits Aeneas with a rock (5.359); goes to fight Aphrodite, wounds her (5.390 ff); challenges Apollo in the battle (5.513 ff); rouses the Danaans (5.614); sees Ares helping Trojans, comments (5.700); roused by Athena to fight Ares (5.907 ff); kills Axylus (6.14); challenges Glaucus, hears his story, trades armour (6.146 ff); attacks on the walls (6.532); volunteers to fight Hector (7.197); tells Achaeans to reject Paris' offer to return all property (7.469); comes to the aid of Nestor (8.103 ff); calls Odysseus (8.105); boasts of horses he took from Aeneas (8.122); charges Hector (8.134); kills Enopeus (8.137); Zeus sends lightning bolt to stop him (8.153); reluctant to withdraw, advised by Nestor, debates his options (8.167 ff); his armour made by Hephaestus (8.226); first to rejoin battle (8.297); repudiates Agamemnon's suggestion that they return, says he'll stay (9.36); urges Achaeans to fight without Achilles (9.877); woken up by Nestor and Odysseus, visits the sentries (10.182 ff); volunteers for spy mission, chooses Odysseus to go with him (10.260 ff); arms for night raid (10.303); leaves on night raid, gets omen from Athena, prays for success (10.322 ff); chases and catches Dolon (10.416 ff); kills Dolon (10.546); slaughters twelve sleeping Thracian soldiers (10.563 ff); told by Athena to return (10.608); washes himself (10.683); responds to Odysseus call to stand up against Hector (11.359); kills Thymbraeus, two sons of Merops, Agastrophus (11.364 ff); sees Hector attacking, hits him with a spear, calls to Hector (11.392); hit by an arrow from Paris, shouts to him, retires from battle (11.430 ff); walking with the wounded leaders (14.32); tells of his father's bravery, proposes the wounded leaders show themselves in the battle (14.133); helps organize the troops (14.447); goes to assembly called by Achilles (19.59); volunteers for chariot race (23.347); Apollo strikes his whip away, but Athena helps him win (23.463); comes first in chariot race (23.610); enters the hand to hand fighting contest, fights Ajax (23.1000).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Dione: goddess mother of Aphrodite: consoles and heals wounded Aphrodite (5.437); tells of gods who have been injured by human beings (5.449).

Dionysus: divine son of Zeus and Semele: abused by Lycurgus (6.162); son of Zeus and Semele (14.386).

Diores (1): son of Amarynces, a leader of Epeians (part of Achaean forces): in catalogue of ships (2.699): killed by Peirous (4.598).

Diores (2): father of Automedon (an Achaean warrior).

Dios: son of Priam: cursed by Priam (24.312).

Dium: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.617).

Dodona: town in north west Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.824).

Dolon: son of Eumedes, Trojan warrior: volunteers for spy mission to the ships (10.376 ff); runs away from Diomedes and Odysseus, is caught, provides information, is killed by Diomedes (10.417 ff).

Dolopes: people given to Phoenix to rule by Peleus (9.605).

Dolopion: priest of Scamander, father of Hypsenor (Trojan warrior).

Dolops (1): son of Clytius, Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.342).

Dolops (2): son of Lampus, Trojan warrior: charges Meges, killed by Menelaus (15.618).

Doris: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.53).

Dorium: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.670).

Doryclus: bastard son of Priam, Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (11.552).

Doto: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.51).

Doulichion: island off the west coast of mainland Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.701).

Dracius: a leader of Epeians, Achaean warrior: fighting against Hector by the ships (13.826).

Dream(s): evil dream sent by Zeus to Agamemnon (2.5); Dream visits Agamemnon (2.19).

Dresus: Trojan warrior: killed by Euryalus (6.23).

Dryas (1): a Lapith: mentioned as an old comrade by Nestor (1.290).

Dryas (2): father of Lycurgus.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Dryops: Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.546).

Dymas: father of Hecuba and Asius.

Dynamene: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.52).

EARTHSHAKER: common epithet for Poseidon.

Echecles: son of Actor: marries Polymele, looks after Eudorus (16.225).

Echeclus (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.809).

Echeclus (2): son of Agenor, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.569).

Echemmon: son of Priam, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.184).

Echepolus (1): son of Thalysius, Trojan warrior: killed by Antilochus (4.530).

Echepolus (2): son of Anchises: gave mare to Agamemnon so as to avoid coming to Troy (23.354).

Echinean Islands: islands off west coast of mainland Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.701).

Echius (1): father of Mecisteus (Achaean warrior).

Echius (2): Achaean warrior: killed by Polites (15.400).

Echius (3): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.485).

EŰriboea: step mother of Otus and Ephialtes: tells Hermes of Ares' imprisonment (5.460).

EŰtion (1): father of Andromache, king of Cilices in Thebe: mentioned by Achilles (1.405); dowry for his daughter Andromache (6.481); killed by Achilles (6.487); (9.230); where Achilles captured one of his horses (16.186).

EŰtion (2): father of Podes (a Trojan warrior).

EŰtion (3): friend of Priam in Imbros: ransomed Lycaon from Lemnos (21.48).

Eileithyia: goddess of birth pains and labour pangs: (11.308); (16.223); at birth of Hercules and Eurystheus, held back by Hera (19.127 ff).

Eilesion: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.575).

Eionae: town in the Argolid: in catalogue of ships (2.638).

Eioneus (1): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (7.11).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Eioneus (2): father of Rhesus.

Elasus: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.811).

Elatus: Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (6.38).

Eleans: people inhabiting the Peloponnese: Nestor tells of their war with Pylians (11.759 ff).

Eleon: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.276).

Elephenor: son of Chalcodon, commander of the Abantes, part of Achaean forces: in catalogue of ships (2.613); killed by Agenor (4.537).

Elis: region in Epeia, in northern Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.692, 702); home of Itymoneus (11.762); debt owed to Neleus (11.792).

Elone: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.810).

Emathia: Hera goes there on the way to visit Sleep (14.272).

Enetae: town in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces (2.935).

Enienes: inhabitants of a region in northern Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.823).

Eniopeus: son of Thebaios, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (8.138).

Enispe: town in Arcadia (in central Peloponnese): in catalogue of ships (2.684).

Ennomus (1): leader of the Mysians, Trojan warrior, an interpreter of omens: in Trojan display of forces (2.940); death from Achilles mentioned (2.942); encouraged by Hector (17.281).

Ennomus (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.481).

Enope: city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.184).

Enops (1): father of Satnius and Thestor (Trojan warriors).

Enops (2): father of Clytomedes.

Enyalius: name associated with Ares: stands opposed to Athena in battle (20.81).

Enyeus: king of Scyros (9.843).

Epaltes: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.484).

Epeians: part of the Achaean contingent, inhabitants of northern Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.696); conflict with the Pylians (11.805 ff); fighting Hector by the ships (13.818).

Epeigeus: son of Agacles, Achaean warrior : his story, killed by Hector (16.666).

Epeius: son of Panopeus: enters the boxing contest and wins (23.822 ff); enters the iron-throwing contest (23.1032).

Ephialtes: son of AloŰus, a monster: imprisoned Ares (5.455).

Ephyra (1): a town in north-west Greece: (2.733); Phyleus brought armour from there (15.624).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Ephyra (2): alternate name for Corinth: home of Sisyphus (6.190): Ephyrians fighting against Phlegyans (13.366).

Ephyrians: people in Thessaly (13.366).

Epicles: Lycian warrior, part of Trojan forces: killed by Telamonian Ajax (12.416).

Epidaurus: town in the Argolid: in the catalogue of ships (2.639).

Epistor: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.810).

Epistrophus (1): son of Iphitus, Achaean warrior, leader of Phoceans: in catalogue of ships (2.592).

Epistrophus (2): son of Euenus, killed by Achilles at capture of Lyrnessus (2.764).

Epistrophus (3): leader of the Halizoni, allies of Trojans: in Trojan display of forces (2.938).

Epytos: father of Periphas (Trojan herald).

Erebus: the darkeness associated with Hades: Hercules goes to fetch Hades' hound (8.427); Maris and Atymnius go there (16.382).

Erechtheus: legendary king of Athens: his birth and treatment by Athena (2.6.24).

Eretria: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.616).

Ereuthalion: a warrior killed by Nestor when he was young: (4.375); steps out as champion of Arcadians, killed by Nestor (7.160 ff).

Erichthonius: son of Dardanus, father of Tros: his story told by Aeneas (20.263).

Erinyes: (see Furies)

Eriopis: wife of O´leus, step mother of Medon (15.396).

Erithini: town in Paphlagonia: in Trojan display of forces (2.937).

Erylaus: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.479).

Erymas (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Idomeneus (16.403).

Erymas (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.484).

Erythrae: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.575).

Eteocles: king of Thebes: (4.453).

Eteonus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.573).

Ethiopians: news of Zeus' visit to them (1.472).

Euaemon: father of Eurypylus.

Euboea: large island close to mainland of Greece on the east: in the catalogue of ships (2.612, 615).

Euchenor: son of Polyidus, Achaean warrior: comes to Troy knowing his fate, killed by Paris (13.791).

Eudorus: bastard son of Polymele and Hermes: leader of a contingent of Myrmidons, his family and upbringing (16.213).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Euenus (1): son of Selepius, father of Mynes and Epistrophus (Trojan warriors).

Euenus(2): father of Marpissa.

Euippus: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.486).

Eumedes: father of Dolon (Trojan warrior).

Eumelus: son of Admetus and Alcestis, leader of Thessalian troops (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.786); his father's horses the best among Achaeans (2.840); volunteers for chariot race (23.345); leading in chariot race, Athena makes him crash (23.457 ff); last in the race (23.648).

Euneus: son of Jason and Hypsipyle: sends wine to Agamemnon and Menelaus (7.545); paid ransom for Lycaon (23.920).

Euphemus: son of Troezenus, leader of Ciconian troops (Trojan allies): in display of Trojan forces (2.927).

Euphetes: guest of Phyleus, gave him armour (15.626).

Euphorbus: son of Panthous, Trojan warrior: his skills as a soldier, wounds Patroclus (16.936); calls to Menelaus, is killed by him (17.11).

Euryalus: a senior leader of the troops from the Argolid, son of Mecisteus, an Achaean warrior: in catalogue of ships (2.643); kills Dresus, Opheltius, Aesepus and Pedasus (6.23); enters the boxing contest, his triumph at the funeral games of Oedipus (23.837); knocked almost unconscious (23.853).

Eurybates: one of the Achaean heralds: sent by Agamemnon to collect Briseis from Achilles (1.360 ff); picks up Odysseus' cloak (2.215); proposed for delegation to visit Achilles (9.209).

Eurydamas: Trojan priest, father of Abus and Polyidus (Trojan warriors): (5.171).

Eurymedon: son of Ptolemaeus, Achaean warror, attandant on Agamemnon: holds back Agamemnon's horses (4.265); takes Nestor's horses (8.131); unharnesses Nestor's horses (11.698).

Eurynome: divine daughter of Oceanus: helped Hephaestus (18.502).

Eurypylus (1): king of Cos (2.750).

EURYPYLUS (2): son of Euaemon, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly (in Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.808); kills Hypsenor (5.86); kills Melanthus (6.42); volunteers to fight Hector (7.201); returns quickly to battle (8.311); stands by Telamonian Ajax, kills Apisaon (11.648); wounded by an arrow from Paris, withdraws, calling out to Achaeans (11.657); meets Patroclus, assisted to his hut (11.937); tells Patroclus the Achaeans are doomed (11.951); Patroclus leaves him (15.460).

Eurystheus: king of Mycenae: gave Hercules his labours (8.423); Copreus delivered his messages (15.755); his birth part of a trick Hera played on Zeus (19.140 ff).

Eurytus (1): king of Oechalia, in Thessaly (2.802).

Eurytus (2): son of Actor, father of Thalpius, a leader of Epeian forces.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Eussorus: father of Acamas (Trojan warrior).

Eutresis: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.578).

Exadios: mentioned by Nestor as an old comrade (1.294).

Fate: Agamemnon blames fate for the quarrel (19.107); ordains the survival of Aeneas (20.361).

Fear: goddess: accompanies Ares and Athena into battle (4.513); on the aegis (5.845).

Flight: god: told to get Ares' horses ready (15.143).

Folly: daughter of Zeus, deluder of gods and men: followed by Prayers (9.630) (see also Ate).

Furies: goddesses of revenge within the family, also called Erinyes: invoked by Amyntor against his son Phoenix (9.571); listen to prayers of Althea to kill her son (9.719); Agamemnon blames them for the quarrel (19.107); Agamemnon invokes them to swear he has not had sex with Briseis (19.317); take away the speaking voice of Achilles' horse (19.504).

Galatea: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.54).

Ganymede: son of Tros: taken into heaven to be Zeus' cup bearer (5.316); kidnapped by the gods (20.278).

Gargaros: peak on Mount Ida: site of Zeus' temple: Zeus goes there (7.55); Hera seduces Zeus there (14.345 ff).

Glaphyrae: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.785).

Glauce: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.48).

GLAUCUS: son of Hippolochus, leader of Lycians (Trojan allies): in Trojan display of forces (2.960); moves out to fight Diomedes, tells story of his family (6.146 ff); Zeus steals his wits (6.298); kills Iphinous (7.13); one of the leaders in the assault on the wall (12.107); told of the warrior ethic by Sarpedon (12.332); wounded by Teucer (12.425); helps defend wounded Hector (14.498); hears Sarpedon's dying words, prays to Apollo for restored strength, Apollo answers, rallies Lycians, urges Hector to avenge Sarpedon (16.572 ff); kills Bathycles (16.691); urges Hector to fight harder to avenge Sarpedon (17.188); encouraged by Hector (17.289).

Glaucus (2): son of Sisyphus, father of Bellerophon (6.193).

Glisas: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.580).

Gonoessa: town ruled by Agamemnon: in the catalogue of ships (2.649).

Gorgon: monster: depicted on the aegis (5.845); on Agamemnon's shield (11.36).

Gorgythion: son of Priam and Castianeira, a Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.353).

Gortyn: city in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.721).

Graces: goddesses: gave Aphrodite her robe (5.400).

Graea: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.574).

Granicus: river flowing from Mount Ida to the sea: stirred up by Poseidon and Apollo to destroy the wall (12.21).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Guneus: leader of troops from Cyphus (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.822).

Gygaea: a water nymph: mother of Mesthles and Ascanius (allies of the Trojans).

Gygean Lake: lake in Asia Minor: birth region of Iphition (20.469).

Gyrtius: father of Hyrtius (Trojan warrior).

Gyrtone: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.810).

Hades: brother of Zeus and Poseidon, god of the dead: wounded by Hercules (5.467); visited by Hercules (8.426); his unrelenting nature (9.193); Althea begs him to kill Meleager (9.717); division of power with his brothers (15.223).

Haemon (1): one of Achaean warrior leaders serving under Nestor: receives his orders (4.327).

Haemon (2): father of Maeon (Theban warrior).

Haemon (3): father of Laerces, grandfather of Alcimedon (Achaean warrior).

Haliartus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.579).

HaliŰ: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.49).

Halius: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.785).

Halizoni: Trojan allies: in display of Trojan forces (2.938).

Harma: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.275).

Harmon: father of Tecton, grandfather of Phereclus (a Trojan warrior).

Harpalion: son of Pylamenes, Trojan warrior: fights Menelaus, killed by Meriones (13.767).

Hebe: goddess who acts as cupbearer to the gods: pours wine (4.2); gets Hera's chariot ready (5.829).

Hecamede: daughter of Arsinous, given to Nestor after Achilles' sack of Tenedos: attends on Nestor and Machaon (11.702).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

HECTOR: leader of Trojan forces, son of Priam and Hecuba, often called "Hector of the shining helmet," "man-killing Hector": mentioned by Achilles (1.267); responds to Iris' message from Zeus (2.888); in Trojan march past (2.896); criticizes Paris (3.37); speaks to Trojans and Achaeans about Paris-Menelaus duel (3.95); sends to the city for sacrificial animals (3.130); measures the ground for the duel (3.352); spurred to action by Sarpedon's complaint (5.585); moves against Achaeans with help of Ares (5.694); kills Menesthes, Anchialus (5.713); rallies Trojans, helps save Sarpedon (5.786); kills Teuthras, Orestes, Trechus, Oenomaus, Helenus, Oresbius (5.809); advised by Helenus to go into the city, agrees (6.89 ff); visits Troy, meets Hecuba, tells her to sacrifice with the women (6.302 ff); would like Paris to die (6.354); goes to Paris' house, talks to Paris and Helen (6.387 ff); looks for his wife at home, talks to servant (6.452 ff); meets Andromache by the Scaean Gate, talks to her, holds his son (6.480 ff); prayer over his son (6.580); rejoined by Paris, returns to battle (6.634, 7.1); kills Eioneus (7.11); Helenus proposes Hector issue challenge to Achaeans, does so (7.51 ff); accepts Ajax's taunts, fights him (7.276); agrees to end duel with Ajax , gives Hector a shield (7.335 ff); threatens Nestor (8.101); mocks Diomedes' withdrawal (8.183); urges the Trojans on, speaks to his horses (8.197 ff); pins Achaeans down in the ditch (8.249); moves against Teucer, wounds him (8.368 ff); drives Achaean back to the ditch (8.393); Zeus tells the gods his plans for him (8.549); summons Trojan assembly in the plain, instructs the army (8.576); proposes a spy mission to the ships (10.357); organizes Trojans for battle (11.59 ff); pulled back from battle by Zeus (11.186); receives message from Zeus about when to fight (11.224); sees Agamemnon leaving, rallies Trojans, kills Asaeus, Antonous, Opites, Dolops, Opheltius, Agelaus, Aesymnus, Orus, Hipponous (11.323); attacks Diomedes and Odysseus, hit by Diomedes, recovers (11.390 ff); fighting on the left (11.561); advised by Cebriones to attack Telamonian Ajax, moves but stays away from Ajax (11.588 ff); hems Achaeans by their ships (12.40 ff); gets advice to withdraw from Polydamas, rejects it (12.62); with troops in perplexity by the ditch (12.204); rejects Polydamas' advice to withdraw (12.246); rallies troops to attack the wall, smashes the gate with a rock, jumps inside the wall (12.483 ff); leading Trojans to seize the ships (13.43); held back by close formation of Achaeans, rallies his troops (13.170); kills Amphimachus (13.227); attacks Achaeans by ships (13.810); gets advice from Polydamas to use the best men (13.861); upbraids Paris (13.907); leads Trojan attack, challenged by Telamonian Ajax (13.949 ff); hits Ajax with spear but doesn't hurt him, hit by rock thrown by Ajax, pulled back from the fighting (14.470 ff); observed by Zeus (15.9); Zeus foretells his future (15.71); Zeus tells Apollo to restore his strength, Apollo does so (15.266 ff); leads Trojans into battle (15.364); kills Stichius and Archesilaus (15.389); urges Trojans inside the wall (15.408); attacks Ajax at the ships (15.486); calls Trojan to stand over Clytius, kills Lycophron (15.494 ff); saved by Zeus (breaking Teucer's bow string) (15.541); rallies the Trojans after Zeus breaks Teucer's bow (15.568); kills Schedius (15.607); criticizes Melanippus (15.640); moves up against Antilochus (15.683); Zeus drives him against the ships (15.705 ff); kills Periphetes (15.743); attacks Ajax on the ships (15.799); grabs stern of Protesilaus' ship, yells for fire (15.815 ff); cuts Ajax's spear, tosses fire on the ships (16.140); realizes Trojans are being beaten from the ships, withdraws (16.421); Glaucus urges him to avenge Sarpedon (16.624); kills Epeigeus (16.672); fighting over Sarpedon's body, moves back (16.685); Zeus takes his courage, he withdraws (16.763); advised by Apollo to return to battle (16.830 ff); attacks Patroclus, fights over Cebriones (16.879 ff); kills Patroclus, gloats over the body, mouthing Achilles' words, response to Patroclus' warnings (16.949 ff); Apollo urges him to fight Menelaus, he does so (17.89 ff); strips armour from Patroclus, withdraws from the body (17.155 ff); responds to Glaucus' criticisms (17.228); puts on Achilles' armour (17.243 ff); Zeus fills him with strength (17.256 ff); encourages his troops, call on the allies to justify the expense of maintaining them (17.278 ff); Zeus refuses him Achilles' horses (17.546); sees Achilles horses, attacks with Aeneas (17.598); throws spear at Automedon, misses, withdraws (17.645); encouraged by Apollo (17.709); wounds Leitus (17.733); hit but not hurt by spear from Idomeneus (17.738); kills Coeranus (17.744); pursues Achaeans taking Patroclus back (17.915); fights again for Patroclus (18.185 ff); criticizes Polydamas for his advice to withdraw to the city (18.352); his family tree (20.287); announces his intention to seek out Achilles (20.435); Apollo tells him not to fight Achilles openly (20.449); confronts Achilles, saved by Apollo (20.502 ff); isolated outside Troy (22.5); debates his options outside Troy (22.113); begins to tremble, runs away (22.170); tricked by Athena (as De´phobus), fights Achilles, is killed (22.281 ff); body mutilated by Achaeans (22.471); body dragged behind Achilles' chariot (22.494); mentioned by Priam (24.320); body washed by Achilles' servant women (24.727); his funeral rites (24.964 ff).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

HECUBA: wife of Priam, mother of Hector (and others): meets Hector, gets instructions to sacrifice (6.315); prays to Athena with Trojan women (6.377); sees Hector isolated outside the wall, begs him to come inside (22.99); lament at sight of dead Hector (22.506 ff); opposes Priam's proposed trip to Achilles (24.249); tells Priam to make an offering to Zeus before setting out (24.350); comes out to meet Priam with Hector's body, laments over Hector (24.875).

HELEN: mortal child of Zeus, wife of Menelaus and later of Paris (Alexander): mentioned by Hera (2.187); mentioned in catalogue of ships (2.667); visited by Iris in form of Laodice, while she is weaving (3.135); Helen visits the walls of Troy, talks to Priam (3.153 ff); observed by Trojan elders (3.168); looks for her brothers (3.260); forced by Aphrodite to go home to Paris (3.434 ff); returns home to Paris, talks to him (3.468 ff); at home with Paris, speaks to Hector (6.396 ff); Antenor proposes giving her back (7.404); Achilles detests her (19.397); laments over Hector's body (24.936).

Helenus (1): son of Oenops, an Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.813).

HELENUS (2): son of Priam, reader of omens for Trojans: advises Hector on strategy (6.89); proposes that Hector issue a challenge to Achaeans (7.51); one of the leaders of the assault on the wall (12.97); kills De´pyrus (13.687); attacked by Menelaus, is wounded (13.692); cursed by Priam (24.310).

Helicaon: Trojan warrior, son of Antenor, husband of Laodice (a daughter of Priam): (3.137).

Helice: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.651); site of worship of Poseidon (20.485).

Hellas: region of Thessaly ruled by Peleus (Achilles' father): in catalogue of ships (2.756).

Hellenes: inhabitants of Hellas: in catalogue of ships (2.757).

Hellespont: narrow stretch of water between Thrace and the Troad (separating Europe from Asia): (2.926).

Helos (1): town in Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.660).

Helos (2): town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.670).

Helios: god of the sun: (14.408); Agamemnon invokes him to swear he has not had sex with Briseis (19.317).

HEPHAESTUS: divine son of Zeus and Hera, artisan god, crippled in his legs: intervenes to avoid quarrel between Zeus and Hera (1.641 ff); tells story of being thrown from heaven (1.663); serves wine to the gods (1.670); history of the royal staff he made (2.117); saves Ideus from death (5.26); maker of Diomedes' armour (8.226); made Hera's bedroom (14.201); summons Aphrodite to get love charms (14.224); ambidextrous (14.285); gave Zeus the aegis (15.368); yells at Achaeans, shakes the aegis, putting them to flight (15.379); Thetis visits him to get new weapons for Achilles, his workshop and his robot inventions (18.458 ff); story of how Thetis helped him (18.487); prepares materials and makes the shield (18.583 ff); leaves Olympus to help Achaeans (20.44); opposed by Xanthus in battle (20.85); made five layers on the shield (20.323); Hera appeals to him to help Achilles against the river, he prepares a great fire (21.397); Hera tells him to stop the fire, he does so (21.453).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Heptaporus: river flowing from Mount Ida to the sea: stirred up by Poseidon and Apollo to destroy the wall (12.21).

HERA: divine wife and sister of Zeus, daughter of Cronos, frequently called "white armed" or "ox eyed": puts idea of assembly into Achilles (1.59); sends Athena to check Achilles' anger (1.214); story of her attempt to tie Zeus up (1.443); Zeus complains about her attitude (1.578); attacks Zeus for favouring Thetis (1.597 ff); sleeps beside Zeus (1.686); part of evil Dream's message (2.15, 2.37); sends Athena to restore order to the Argives (2.181); challenges Zeus' plans (4.27 ff); lists cities she loves best (4.62); demands respect from Zeus (4.70 ff); suggests a break in the truce (4.78); wounded by Hercules (5.463); teases Aphrodite in front of Zeus (5.499); Hera persuades Athena to go to war, description of her chariot (5.818 ff); drives her chariot to meet Zeus on Olympus, asks his permission to fight Ares (5.859); goes with Athena to battle, rallies the Argives in form of Stentor (5.880 ff); Zeus blames her for Ares' wound (5.1021); returns to Olympus (5.1038); anger at Hector's boasting, proposes to Poseidon that they act to help Achaeans (8.229); puts plan to rally the troops in Agamemnon's head (8.252); pities Achaeans in retreat, speaks to Athena (8.406); harnesses her chariot to visit the battle (8.444); turned back by Iris (8.479 ff); complains to Zeus (8.540); acknowledges Agamemnon with a peal of thunder (11.45); decides to deceive Zeus, prepares herself (14.185); gets love charm from Aphrodite, tells story of visiting Oceanus (14.224 ff); goes to Pieria, Emathia, Athos, Lemnos, meets Sleep, asks him to put Zeus to sleep, promises him a bride (14.271); swears on all the gods to keep promise to Sleep (14.330); seduces Zeus on Mount Ida (14.345 ff); criticized by Zeus, reminded of her earlier punishment, told the future of the war (15.15 ff); leaves Ida for Olympus, talks to the gods, tells Iris and Apollo to go to Zeus (15.96 ff); tells Zeus Sarpedon must die (16.515); sends Iris to rouse Achilles (18.208); sends the sun down against its will (18.294); conversation with Zeus about Achilles' return (18.443 ff); tricks Zeus over Hercules and Eurystheus (19.119 ff); gives Achilles horse power to speak (19.489); leaves Olympus to help the Achaeans (20.41); opposes Artemis (20.81); tells Athena and Poseidon to help Achilles, goes with them to sit on the wall (20.138); refuses Poseidon's request to help Aeneas (20.370); appeals to Hephaestus to help Achilles against the river (21.395); Scamander appeals to her to call off Hephaestus, she does so (21.442); urges Athena to attack Aphrodite (21.503); attacks Artemis (21.577); opposes gods' plans to have Hermes steal Hector's body (23.27); defends Achilles against Apollo's accusations (24.65); welcomes Thetis to Olympus (24.125).

HERCULES: son of Zeus and Alcmene, legendary Greek hero, father of Tlepolemus: story of his capture of Astyocheia (2.733); grandfather of Pheidippus and Antiphus (2.752); wounded Hera with an arrow (5.463); wounded Hades (5.467); praised by his son Tlepolemos (5.742); helped by Athena (8.422); killed men of Pylos (11.782); Sleep tells of how Zeus reacted to mistreatment of him (14.296); his mother loved by Zeus (14.385); Zeus' pain at his mistreatment (15.31); destined for death (18.146); trick played on him at his birth by Hera (19.122 ff); built wall for Poseidon (20.176).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

HERMES: divine son of Zeus, called "killer of Argus": receives royal staff from Zeus, passes it on to Pelops (2.119); rescued Ares (5.460); love for Phorbas (14.571); had sex with Polymele, fathered Eudorus (16.215); leaves Olympus to help the Achaeans (20.43); opposes Leto in battle (20.84); declines to fight with Leto (21.600); gods urge him to steal Hector's body (24.25); instructed by Zeus to guide Priam to Achilles, sets off to meet Priam (24.412 ff); meets Priam and Idaios, reassures them (24.446); takes over Priam's chariot, takes him to Achilles hut, putting guards to sleep (24.546); reveals his identity to Priam (24.566); wakes Priam up to take him back to Troy, leaves him (24.837).

Hermione: town in the Argolid: in catalogue of ships (2.637).

Hermus: river in Maeonia, birthplace of Iphition (20.471).

Hicetaon: son of Laomedon, brother of Priam, senior Trojan counselor: with Priam at Scaean Gates, observes Helen (3.162); father of Melanippus (15.641); his family tree (20.284).

Hippasus (1): father of Charops and Socus, Trojan warriors.

Hippasus (2): father of Hypsenor.

Hippasus (3): father of Apisaon (Trojan warrior).

Hippemolgi: distant tribe: Zeus looks away from battle at them (13.6).

Hippoco÷n: Thracian counselor, Trojan ally: woken up by Apollo, sees the dead Thracians (10.621).

Hippodamas: Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.480).

Hippodamus: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.381).

Hippodameia: mother of Polypoetes (an Achaean warrior).

Hippodamia: daughter of Anchises, wife of Alcathous (Trojan warrior).

Hippolochus (1): son of Bellerophon (6.254): father of Glaucus (6.264).

Hippolochus (2): son of Antimachus, Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (11.134 ff).

Hippomachus: son of Antimachus, Trojan warrior: killed by Leonteus (12.196).

Hipponous: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.343).

Hippothous (1): son of Lethous, leader of troops from Pelasgia (part of Trojan army): in Trojan display of forces (2.922); encouraged by Hector (17.281); killed by Telamonian Ajax (17.372).

Hippothous (2): son of Priam: cursed by Priam (24.312).

Hippotion (1): father of Morus (Trojan warrior).

Hippotion (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Meriones (14.601).

Hire: city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.184).

Histiaea: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.616).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Hyades: heavenly constellation: depicted on Achilles' shield (18.603).

Hyampolis: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.596).

Hyde: birthplace of Iphition (Trojan warrior).

Hyle: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.576); home of Oresbius (5.814); home of Tychius (7.262).

Hyllus: river in Asia Minor near birthplace of Iphition (20.470).

Hypeirochus (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.381).

Hypeirochus (2): father of Itymoneus.

Hypeiron: Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.165).

Hyperea: site of a spring in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.806); (6.558).

Hyperenor: son of Panthous, Trojan warrior: killed by Menelaus (14.603); mentioned by Menelaus (17.30).

Hyperesia: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.649).

Hyperion: god of the sun: doesn't reach Tartarus (8.564).

Hypsenor (1): son of Dolopion, Trojan warrior: killed by Eurypylus (5.86).

Hypsenor (2): son of Hippasus, Achaean warrior: killed by De´phobus (13.495).

Hyperenor: Trojan warrior: killed by Menelaus (14.603).

Hypsipyle: mother of Euneus.

Hyria: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.572).

Hyrmine: town in Epeia, in northern Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.693).

Hyrtacus: father of Asius (Trojan warrior).

Hyrtius: son of Gyrtius, leader of Mysians (Trojan allies): killed by Telamonian Ajax (14.598).

Iaera: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.50).

Ialmenus: Achaean warrior, leader of Minyans, son of Ares: in catalogue of ships (2.587); leads out the sentinels (9.101).

Ialysus: town in Rhodes: in catalogue of ships (2.730).

Iamenus: Trojan warriot: moves up with Asius against the wall (12.146); killed by Leonteus (12.201).

Ianassa: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.56).

Ianeira: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.56).

Iapetus: one of the Titans imprisoned in Tartarus by Zeus: (8.562).

Iardanus: river in the Peloponnese (6.159).

Iasus: son of Sphelus, one of the Athenian leaders: killed by Aeneas (15.392).

Icaria: island in the Aegean Sea.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

IDA: mountain near Troy: where Aphrodite and Achises made love (2.902); Zeus moves there from Olympus (7.48); Zeus observes Hera and Athena from there (8.463); Isus and Antiphus captured there by Achilles (11.117); Hera comes there to deceive Zeus (14.335); Hera seduces Zeus there (14.345 ff); Hera leaves for Olympus (15.97); Achilles chased Aeneas from there (20.107); Achaeans go there to collect wood (23.140).

IDAIOS (1): Trojan herald: speaks to Priam about Paris-Menelaus duel (3.274); stops the duel between Hector and Ajax (7.323); goes to Achaeans with Paris' offer to return all property (7.457); reports back to Trojans (7.485); sees Hermes, speaks to Priam (24.436); gets back to Troy with Priam (24.857).

Idaios (2): Trojan warrior, son of Dares: confronts Diomedes, saved by Hephaestus (5.13 ff).

Ides: father of Cleopatra (wife of Meleager): fought Apollo for Marpessa (9.702).

IDOMENEUS: son of Deucalion, leader of Cretan forces, a major senior commander in the Achaean forces: Agamemnon proposes him as a leader of expedition to send back Chryseis (1.158); summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.479); in catalogue of ships (2.720); observed by Helen and Priam (3.253); praised by Agamemnon (4.300); kills Phaestus (5.48); attacks on the walls (6.532); volunteers to fight Hector (7.200); afraid at omens from Zeus (8.87); returns quickly to battle (8.309); position in battle (11.564); tells Nestor to take Machaon away from battle (11.575); kills Asius (12.122 ff); meets Poseidon in form of Thoas (13.255 ff); meets Meriones, gives him a spear (13.299 ff); indicates to Meriones where they should rejoin the battle (13.376); kills Orthryoneus, mocks him (13.439 ff); fights and kills Asius (13.471), kills Alcathous, triumphs over him with an account of his lineage (13.513 ff); challenged by Aeneas, calls out for help (13.563); battles over the body of Alcathous (13.602); kills Oenomaus (13.608), losing strength in the fight (13.615); collects best men to fight Hector (15.359); kills Erymas (16.403); comes up to help Telamonian Ajax and Menelaus over Patroclus' body (17.335); hits Hector but doesn't hurt him (17.739); returns to the ships (17.761); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.379); watching chariot race, mocked by Lesser Ajax (23.548).

Ilion: another name for Troy.

Ilioneus: son of Phorbas: killed by Peneleus (14.570).

Ilus: son of Erichthonius, father of Laomedon: his tomb as a landmark outside Troy (11.190); Paris hides behind the tomb (11.423); his family (20.277).

Imbrasus: father of Peirous (Trojan warrior).

Imbrius: son of Mentor, husband of Medesicate: killed by Teucer (13.199).

Imbros: island in the Aegean Sea: (13.34); Hera goes past there on the way to deceive Zeus (14.334).

Iolcus: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.785).

Ionians: people of Ionia: fight against Hector by the ships (13.817).

Ipheus: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.486).

Iphicles: son of Phylaces, father of Protesilaus and Podarcus (Achaean warriors).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Iphiclus: opponent defeated in a footrace by Nestor (23.785).

Iphianessa: daughter of Agamemnon (9.176).

Iphidamas: son of Antenor, Trojan warrior challenges Agamemnon and is killed (11.252 ff).

Iphinous: son of Dexius, Achaean warrior: killed by Glaucus (7.15).

Iphis: woman from Scyros: captured by Achilles, sleeps with Patroclus (9.842).

Iphition: son of Otrynteus and a Naiad nymph: killed by Achilles (20.459).

Iphitus (1): father of Schedius and Epistrophus (Achaean warriors).

Iphitus (2): father of Arkheptolemos (a Trojan warrior).

IRIS: divine messenger of the gods: sent by Zeus to Trojans to get them to organize themselves, speaks to Priam (2.864 ff); visits Helen in form of Laodice (3.135); drives Ares' horses taking Aphrodite back to Olympus (5.431); Zeus sends her to intercept Hera and Athena (8.463 ff); takes message from Zeus to Hector (11.211); Zeus tells Hera to summon her (15.66); Hera tells her to go to Zeus on Ida, she does so, Zeus tell her to take message to Poseidon (15.173 ff); goes to Poseidon, persuades him to leave the battle (15.201 ff); sent by Hera to rouse Achilles (18.205); delivers Achilles' prayer to the winds (23.239); leaves Olympus to summon Thetis to Zeus, returns with her (24.97 ff); instructed by Zeus to visit Priam and tell him to visit Achilles (24.177); reaches Troy, speaks to Priam, leaves (24.199).

Isander: son of Bellerophon (6.254); killed by Ares (6.260).

Isus: bastard son of Priam, Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (11.110).

Ithaemenes: father of Sthenelaus (Trojan warrior).

Ithaca: island off west coast of Greece, home of Odysseus: in catalogue of ships (2.707).

Ithome: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.801).

Iton: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.769).

Itymoneus: son of Hypeirochus, from Elis: killed by Nestor (11.761).

Ixion: husband of a woman loved by Zeus (14.378).

Jason: father of Euneos.

Lańs: town in Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.660).

Lacedaemon: area ruled by Menelaus (in south Peloponnese): in catalogue of ships (2.657).

Laerces: son of Haemon, father of Alcimedon (Achaean warrior).

Laertes: father of Odysseus: mentioned by Athena (2.202).

Lampos: one of Hector's horses (8.214).

Lampus: son of Laomedon, senior Trojan statesman: with Priam at the Scaean Gates, observing Helen: (3.162); father of Dolops (Trojan warrior) (15.620).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Laodamas: son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (15.608).

Laodamia: daughter of Bellerophon, mother of Sarpedon: has sex with Zeus (6.253); killed by Artemis (6.262).

Laodice (1): daughter of Priam, wife of Helicaon: Iris takes on her form to visit Helen (3.135); most beautiful of Hecuba's daughters, meets Hector (6.316).

Laodice (2): daughter of Agamemnon (9.176).

Laodocus (1): son of Antenor, Trojan warrior: Athena assumes his shape (4.103).

Laodocus (2): Achaean warrior: takes armour from Antilochus (17.852).

Laogonus (1): son of Onetor, Trojan warrior: killed by Meriones (16.703).

Laogonus (2): son of Bias, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.551).

Laomedon: father of Priam, Lampus, Tithonus, Clytius, Hicataon: Anchises gets foals from his herd (5.320); Hercules visits him for his horses (5.745); Apollo and Poseidon built a wall for him (7.529); his family (20.282); harsh treatment of Apollo and Poseidon (21.536).

LaothoŰ: mother of Lycaon and Polydorus, daughter of Altes, wife of Priam: Lycaon speaks of her to Achilles (21.99).

Lapith: inhabitants of a region of Thessaly: two Lapith spearmen outside the wall (12.134).

Larissa: town near Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.923); home of Hippothous (17.387).

Le´tus: son of Alectryon, one of the Boeotian leaders in the Achaean force; in the catalogue of ships (2.570); kills Phylacus (6.41); encouraged by Poseidon in the form of Calchas (13.104); wounded by Hector (17.734).

Leleges: inhabitants of a region in northern Asia Minor, Trojan allies: encamped by the sea (10.513); Athena told Achilles to kill them (20.114); ruled by Altes (21.101).

Lemnos: island in the north-eastern Aegean Sea: Hephaestus lands there (1.667); Philoctetes abandoned there (2.792); source of wine for Achaeans (7.544); Achaean troops there (8.270); Hera goes there to meet Sleep (14.276); Hera leaves there to deceive Zeus (14.334); Achilles sold Lycaon there (21.46).

Leocritus: son of Arisbas, Achaean warrior: killed by Aeneas (17.440).

Leonteus: con of Coronus, grandson of Caeneus, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.819); defense of the Achaean wall (12.136); kills Hippomachus, Menon, Iamenus, Orestes (12.195 ff); enters iron-throwing contest (23.1030).

Lesbos: island in the Aegean: Agamemnon offers Achilles women from there (9.154); home of Diomede (9.840).

Lethus: son of Teutamus, father of Hippothous and Pylaeus (Trojan warriors).

Leto: goddess mother of Apollo and Artemis: (1.10); (1.39); helps to restore Aeneas (5.530); Zeus' love for her (14.388); leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.59); opposed by Hermes in battle (20.84); Hermes refuses to fight with her, she takes Artemis weapons (21.601); Niobe's boast that she was better than Leto (24.752).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Leucus: Achaean warrior, companion of Odysseus: killed by Antiphus (4.569).

Licymnius: uncle of Hercules, killed by Tlepolemus (2.738).

Lilaea: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.598).

Limnoreia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.50).

Lindus: city in Rhodes: in catalogue of ships (2.730).

Locrians: men from Locris in central Greece, part of the Achaean contingent: in the catalogue of ships (2.602); fight against Hector (13.818); position at the back of the battle (13.847).

Lycaon (1): father of Pandarus (Trojan warrior): advice to Pandarus (5.225 ff).

Lycaon (2): son of Priam, Trojan warrior: Apollo takes on his form (20.96); meets Achilles, begs for his life, previous encounter with Achilles, killed by Achilles (21.39 ff); silver bowl given as his ransom (23.920).

Lycastus: town in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.722).

LYCIA/LYCIANS: region of Asia Minor whose troops are allied with the Trojans: Bellerophon sent there (6.212); Lycians' position in the plain (10.515); attitude of Lycians to their leaders (12.335); start to climb the wall (12.411); troops rallied by Sarpedon, attack the wall (12.451 ff); withdraw from Sarpedon's body (16.766); Sarpedon's body taken to Lycia by Sleep and Death (16.796).

Lycon: Trojan warrior: killed by Peneleus (16.391).

Lycomedes: son of Creon, Achaean warrior: leads out sentinels (9.103); his companion killed, kills Apisaon (17.441); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.296).

Lycophontes: Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.322).

Lycophron: son of Mastor, Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (15.503).

Lyctus: city in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.721).

Lycurgus (1): son of Dryas: story of his treatment of Dionysus, and his punishment from Zeus (6.159).

Lycurgus (2): killer of Areithous (7.168).

Lyrnessus: city captured by Achilles, where he took Briseis captive (2.762); (20.109); story of Achilles' capture of the city (20.229).

Lysander: Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (11.554).

Macar: king of islands south of Lesbos (24.674).

Machaon: son of Asclepius, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly, a healer: in catalogue of ships (2.804); ordered by Talthybius to heal Menelaus, does so (4.236 ff); hit with an arrow from Paris, taken from battle by Nestor (11.569 ff); with Nestor drinking wine (14.2).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Maeander: river in Caria (in Asia Minor): in Trojan display of forces (2.953).

Maemalus: father of Peisander (Achaean warrior).

Maeon: son of Haemon: Cadmean leader in ambush against Tydeus (4.461).

Maeonia: region of Asia Minor south of Troy: (3.447); (4.166); position of Maeonian charioteers in Trojan encampment (10.518).

Maeonians: inhabitants of a region of Asia Minor, Trojan allies: in display of Trojan forces (2.947).

Maera: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.56).

Magnetes: inhabitants of Magnesia in northern Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.832).

Mantinea: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.685).

Maris: son of Araisodarus, Trojan warrior: attacks Antilochus, killed by Thrasymedes (16.374).

Marpessa: daugher of Euenus, mother of Cleopatra (wife of Meleager) (9.701); shares fate of the halcyon from Apollo (9.708).

Mases: town in the Argolid: in catalogue of ships (2.639).

Mastor: father of Lycophron (Achaean warrior).

Mecisteus (1): son of Talaus and father of Euryalus.

Mecisteus (2): son of Echius, Achaean warrior: takes Hypsenor back to the ships (13.509); killed by Polydamas (15.399).

Medeon: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.577).

Medesicate: bastard daughter of Priam, wife of Imbrius (Trojan warrior): (13.202).

Medon (1): Achaean warrior, bastard son of O´leus and Rhene, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.798); fighting against Hector by the ships, details of his past (13.827); killed by Aeneas, details of his past (15.392 ff).

Medon (2): Trojan warrior: encouraged by Hector (17.279).

Megas: father of Perimus (Trojan warrior).

Meges: son of Phyleus, leader of troops from Doulichium (part of Aeachan army): in catalogue of ships (2.703); kills Pedaeus (5.78); fighting against Hector (13.825); collects the best troops to fight Hector (15.360); attacks Polydamas, kills Croesmus, fights Dolops (15.612 ff); kills Amphiclus (16.367); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.295).

Melanippus (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.323).

Melanippus (2): son of Hicataon, Trojan warrior: criticized by Hector (15.641); killed by Antilochus (15.675).

Melanippus (3): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.810).

Melanippus (4): Achaean warrior: helps to fetch presents for Achilles (19.297).

Melanthus: Trojan warrior: killed by Eurypylus (6.42).

Meleager: son of Oeneus and Althaea: (2.718); his story told by Phoenix (9.660 ff).

Meliboea: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.789).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Melite: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.50).

Melus: son of Portheus (14.141).

MENELAUS: son of Atreus, brother of Agamemnon, first husband of Helen of Troy, king of Sparta, major figure in Achaean leadership: mentioned by Achillels (1.175); goes to Agamemnon's sacrifice of an ox (2.481); in catalogue of ships (2.662); responds to Paris' challenge (3.19); speaks to Trojans and Achaeans about his duel with Paris (3.108); his earlier visit to Troy, style of speaking (3.224 ff); fights Paris, but is thwarted by Aphrodite who rescues Paris (3.375 ff); prays to Zeus for help (3.388) and speaks to Zeus of his disappointment in him (3.405); looks for Paris (3.506); hit by an arrow from Pandarus, saved by Athena (4.151); description of his wound (4.163); reassures Agamemnon about his wound (4.216); kills Scamandrius (5.54); moves up seeking to kill Aeneas, drags off corpses (5.657); kills Pylaemenes (5.675); captures Adrestus alive, told by Agamemnon to show no mercy (6.43 ff); repeated attempts to scale the walls (6.531); attempts to shame Achaeans who refuse Hector's challenge, volunteers to fight Hector (7.108); receives wine from Euneus (7.548); returns quickly to battle (8.307); has trouble sleeping, visits Agamemnon (10.28); volunteers for spy mission (10.272); asks Ajax to go with him to help wounded Odysseus, they do so (11.524 ff); takes Odysseus from the battle (11.549); attacks Helenus, wounds him (13.692); fights and kills Peisander, gloats over the body (13.715 ff); kills Hyperenor (14.603); kills Dolops (15.636); urges Antilochus to jump out in battle (15.665); kills Thoas (16.365); stands over Patroclus, fights and kills Euphorbus (17.1 ff); Apollo urges Hector against him (17.89); in doubt, withdraws before Hector (17.112 ff); urges Ajax to stand over Patroclus (17.146 ff); stands with Ajax over Patroclus' body (17.176); calls our for help for him and Ajax (17.318); encouraged to fight by Athena (in the form of Phoenix) (17.676); kills Podes (17.703); talks to Ajax about Achaeans' peril (17.764 ff); sent by Ajax to find Antilochus (17.793 ff); instructs Meriones and Ajaxes, leaves Patroclus, instructs Antilochus to tell Achilles of Patroclus' death (17.800 ff); returns to Patroclus, with Ajax and Meriones recovers Patroclus' body, retreat to ships (17.860 ff); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.378); enters chariot race (23.351); fouled by Antilochus during the race (23.509 ff); comes in a close third (23.630); challenges Antilochus, gets concession, gives prize back (23.693 ff).

Menesthes: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.713).

Menestheus: son of Peteos, leader of Athenian soldiers (fighting with the Achaeans): in catalogue of ships (2.629); upbraided by Agamemnon as he prepares for battle (4.383); asks for help to repel Sarpedon's attack, tells Tho÷tes to ask Ajaxes for help (12.359 ff); helps carry body of Amphimachus (13.240); fighting Hector by the ships (13.823).

Menesthius (1): son of Areithous and Phylomedusa, Achaean warrior: killed by Paris (7.10).

Menesthius (2): son of Sperchius, leader of contingent of Myrmidons (16.205).

Menoetius: son of Actor, father of Patroclus: orders to Patroclus when leaving Phthia (11.881 ff); Achilles indicates he's still alive (16.16); story of his arrival in Phthia long ago (23.103).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Menon: Trojan warrior: killed by Leonteus (12.201).

Mentes: leader of the Cicones, Trojan warrior: Apollo takes on his form (17.91).

Mentor: father of Imbrius (Trojan warrior).

MERIONES: son of Molus, attendant on Idomeneus, part of Cretan contingent in Achaean forces: in catalogue of ships (2.726); preparing for battle (4.297); kills Phereclus (5.66); volunteers to fight Hector (7.200); returns quickly to battle (8.310); leads out the sentinels (9.102); goes to council meeting (10.234); volunteers for spy mission (10.271); helps Odysseus arm for night raid (10.308); encouraged by Poseidon in form of Calchas (13.106); hits De´phobus, spear shatters, withdraws to get another spear (13.185); meets Idomeneus by the huts, gets a spear (13.297 ff); asks Idomeneus where to rejoin the battle (13.370); Idomeneus calls to him for help (13.576); wounds De´phobus in the arm (13.634); kills Adamas (13.677); kills Harpalion (13.776); kills Morus and Hippotion (14.601); collects the best troops to fight Hector (15.360); kills Acamas (16.399); kills Laogonus (16.702); fights Aeneas, boasts aloud, reprimanded by Patroclus (16.709 ff); comes up to help Telamonian Ajax and Menealus over Patroclus' body (17.335); speaks to Idomeneus, saves Coeranus' horses (17.756); given instructions by Menelaus (17.813); helps recover Patroclus' body (17.874 ff); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.296); supervises collection of wood for Patroclus' pyre (23.135); enters chariot race (23.429); comes in fourth in the chariot race (23.644); enters the archery contest and wins (23.1058); enters spear-throwing contest (23.1091).

Mermerus: Trojan warrior: armour stripped by Antilochus (14.600).

Merops: father of Adrestus and Amphius (Trojan warriors): orders his sons away from war (2.913); (11.375).

Messe: town in Lacedaemon ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.658).

Messeis: a spring in Greece (6.559).

Mesthles: son of Talaemenes and Gygaea, leader of Meonians (Trojan allies): in Trojan display of forces (2.947); encouraged by Hector (17.279).

Mestor: son of Priam: cursed by Priam: his death mentioned by Priam (24.320).

Methone: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.789).

Midea: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.583).

Miletus (1): city in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.721).

Miletus (2): city in Asia Minor: in display of Trojan forces: (2.952).

Minos: king of Crete: son of Zeus, father of Deucalion (13.540); son of Zeus (14.383).

Minye´us: river in Peloponnese: site of battle between Pylians and Epeians (11.826).

Mnesus: Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.250).

Molion: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.366).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Molines: two sons of Poseidon, grandsons of Actor: fought against Nestor (11.808, 860).

Molus: father of Meriones (Achaean warrior): receives cap from Amphidamas, gives it to Meriones (10.319).

Morus: son of Hippotion, Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and other into the centre of the battle (13.938); killed by Meriones (14.601).

Mulius (1): son in law of Augeias, Epeian warrior: killed by Nestor (11.846).

Mulius (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.811).

Mulius (3): Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.567).

MUSES: goddess daughters of Zeus; single muse invoked at start of poem (1.1); sing for the gods (1.678); invoked for help in the catalogue or ships (2.559); their punishment of Thamyris (2.671); asked to name the best of the Achaeans (2.837); invoked to tell of the killings (14.593); invoked to tell who tossed fire on the ships (16.138).

Mycale: mountain in Caria, in Asia Minor: in Trojan display of forces (2.953).

Mycalessus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.574).

Mycenae: city in the Argolid ruled by Agamemnon: in the catalogue of ships (2.646); Hera's special love for Mycenae (4.63); home of Periphetes (15.744).

Mydon (1): son of Atymnius, Trojan warrior: killed by Antilochus (5.680).

Mydon (2): Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.249).

Mygdon: leader of Phrygians (3.203).

Mynes: son of Euenus, ruler of Lyrnessus, a city captured by Achilles: (2.764).

Myrine: see Batieia.

MYRMIDONS: troops from Thessaly under command of Achilles: (1.199); in catalogue of ships (2.757); activities while out of the war (2.851); preparing to re-enter the battle (16.189); organizing of soldiers (16.201); addressed by Achilles (16.235); led into battle by Patroclus (16.307 ff); prepare Patroclus' corpse, mourn with Achilles (18.429); lament with Achilles over Patroclus (23.4).

Myrsinus: town in Epeia, in northern Peloponnese: in catalogue of ships (2.693).

Mysians: Trojan allies: position in the army (10.515); Zeus looks back at their land (13.4); leader killed (14.599); presented mules to Priam (24.345).

Nastes: son of Nomion, leader of the Carians (Trojan allies): in Trojan display of forces. (2.951); brings gold to the war, killed by Achilles (2.954).

Naubolus: father of Iphitus (2.593).

Neleus: father of Nestor: takes his share of plunder (11.789).

Nemertes: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.54).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Neoptolemus: son of Achilles: being raised on Scyros (19.400).

Nereus: sea god, father of the Nereids, including Thetis.

Neritum: mountain in Ithaca: in catalogue of ships (2.708).

Nesaea: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.48).

NESTOR: king of Pylos, senior warrior among Achaeans, called "the Geranian horseman": advises Agamemnon and Achilles not to fight (1.280 ff); council meeting by his ships (2.63); responds to Agamemnon's proposal of a false order to return (2.93); speaks to troops about their lack of wisdom, proposes a general muster of troops by regiments (2.396); summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.479); proposes a general parade of all the troops (2.508); his skill in tactics (2.632); prepares his troops for battle, gives instructions on tactics, talks to Agamemnon (4.343); tells the Argives to stop collecting loot (6.79); shames Achaeans who refuse to accept Hector's challenge (7.144); instructs Achaean to draw lots (7.205); advises Achaeans to bury the dead and build a wall (7.377); trapped with a wounded horse, rescued by Diomedes (8.89); charges Hector with Diomedes (8.134); terrified by Zeus' lightning bolt, tells Diomedes to turn back, advises Diomedes that retreat is acceptable (8.158); value of his shield (8.221); praises Diomedes, proposes they eat, then suggests an offer to Achilles (9.62); proposes the delegation to visit Achilles (9.199); visited by Agamemnon at night (10.88); criticizes Menelaus (10.136); wakes up Odysseus and Diomedes (10.164 ff); visits sentries, praises them (10.217); goes to council meeting, proposes spy mission (10.232); hears Odysseus and Diomedes returning, welcomes them (10.636 ff); position in battle (11.564); Idomeneus tells him to take Machaon from battle, he does so (11.575); reaches his hut (11.697); description of his cup (11.711); talks to Patroclus (11.726); criticizes Achilles, tells story of his youthful achievements (11.739 ff); killed Itymoneus (11.761); killed Mulius (11.846); reminds Patroclus what his father told him (11.880 ff); asks Patroclus to speak to Achilles about returning to battle (11.913); drinking wine with Machaon, goes to observe the progress of the battle (14.1); meets the wounded leaders, talks to Agamemnon (14.30 ff); prays to Zeus to help Achaeans (15.436); appeals to men's sense of shame (15.767); order to his sons (17.482); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.378); gives Antilochus advice in the chariot race (23.365); receives special prize from Achilles, thanks Achilles, reminds them of his past deeds (23.757).

Night: goddess: saved Sleep from Zeus' anger (14.307).

Niobe: her story told by Achilles (24.746).

Nireus: son of Charopus and Aglaea, leader of men from Syme (part of Achaean army): in catalgoue of ships (2.745).

Nisa: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.583).

Nisyrus: island in the Aegean Sea: in catalogue of ships (2.749).

NoŰmon (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.785).

NoŰmon (2): Achaean warrior, companion of Antilochus: receives mare from Menelaus (23.751).

Nomion: father of Nastes and Amphimachus (Trojan warriors).

North Wind: a god: revives Sarpedon (5.803); (9.5); (14.463); blew Hercules off course (15.31); copulates with horses of Erichthonius (20.266).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Nysa: mountain associated with Dionysus (6.163).

Ocalea: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.577).

Oceanus (Ocean): god of the river surrounding the earth: 2.246; Hera tells story of proposed visit to him (14.240, 356); depicted on the shield of Achilles (18.738); left out of assembly of gods (20.8); mentioned by Achilles (21.235).

Ochesius: father of Periphas (an Achaean warrior).

Odius (1): leader of the Halizoni, allies of the Trojans: in Trojan display of forces (2.938); killed by Agamemnon (5.42).

Odius (2): an Achaean herald: proposed for delegation to Achilles (9.208).

ODYSSEUS: son of Laertes, father of Telemachus, king of Ithaca, major warrior for the Achaean forces, commonly called "resilient" and "resourceful" and "cunning": Agamemnon threatens to take his prize (1.151); Agamemnon proposes him as possible leader of expedition to take back Cryseis (1.158); ships on as leader for expedition to take back Chryseis (1.346); sails to Chryse with Chryseis, hands her over to Chryses, sacrifices to gods (1.481 ff); returns to the army (1.532); Athena urges him to restore order to the Argives, he does so (2.201 ff); deals with Thersites (2.288); speaks to the assembly about the need to wait out the prophecy (2.327 ff); summoned to sacrifice by Agamemnon (2.480); in catalogue of ships (2.706); described by Priam, Helen, and Antenor (3.210 ff); receives Priam before both before the battle, replies (4.385); kills Democoon (4.573); moves against Lycians, kills Cocranus, Alastor, Chromius, Alcandrus, Halius, Noemon, Prytanis (5.776); kills Pidytes (6.35); volunteers to fight Hector (7.202); called by Diomedes to help Nestor, but doesn't hear, returns to ships (8.106); position of his ship (8.258); proposed as delegate to visit Achilles (9.208); visits Achilles with the delegation (9.222 ff); tells Achilles Agamemnon's offer (9.272); reports Achilles' response to Agamemnon (9.852); woken up by Nestor, arms himself, goes with Nestor to wake Diomedes (10.166 ff); volunteers for spy mission, Diomedes chooses him (10.273 ff); arms for night raid, description and history of his cap (10.308); leaves on night raid, gets omen from Athena, prays for success (10.322); sees Dolon, catches and interrogates him (10.406 ff); offers prayers and spoils to Athena (10.551); slaughters Thracians, steals their horses (10.563); reports success to Nestor (10.662); washes himself (1f0.683); calls to Diomedes to stand with him against Hector (11.353); kills Molion, Hippodamus, Hyperochus (11.366 ff); stands over wounded Diomedes (11.452); left alone, wonders what to do (11.457); wounds De´opites, kills Tho÷n, Eunomos, Chrsidamas, Charops, Socus, triumphs over Socus (11.479 ff); wounded by Socus, calls to Ajax for help, retires from the battle (11.493 ff); present when Menoetius gives orders to Patroclus (11.883); assemblies and court held by his ship (11.935); walking with the wounded leaders (14.32); criticizes Agamemnon for proposing organizing the ships for withdrawal (14.98); helps organze troops (14.447); goes to assembly called by Achilles (19.59); tries to get Achilles to think of eating before returning to battle (19.193 ff); fetches gifts for Achilles (19.294); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.378); enters wrestling match against Greater Ajax (23.876); enters the footrace, prays to Athena, gets her aid, wins race (23.930 ff).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Oechalia: city in Thessaly: (2.673, 801).

Oedipus: his funeral games (23.839).

Oeneus: king of Calydon, son of Portheus, father of Meleager and Tydeus, grandfather of Diomedes: in catalogue of ships (2.717); entertained Bellerophon (6.276); offends Artemis (9.668); son of Portheus, father of Tydeus (14.142).

Oenomaus (1): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.812).

Oenomaus (2): Trojan warrior: moves up with Asius to assault the wall (12.148); killed by Idomeneus (13.608).

Oenops: father of Helenus (an Achaean warrior).

Oetylus: town in Lacedaemon, ruled by Menelaus: in catalogue of ships (2.661).

O´leus (1): father of the Lesser or O´lean Ajax, father of Medon (a bastard).

Oileus (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (11.100).

Old Man of the Sea: father of Thetis (divine mother of Achilles)

Olene: a large rock in Elis: in catalogue of ships (2.694); Pylians chase Epeians there (11.868).

Olenus: a town in Aetolia: in catalogue of ships (2.715).

Olizon: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.790).

Olo÷sson: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.811).

OLYMPUS: mountain where the major gods (the Olympians) live: left common to the three major gods (15.231).

Onchestus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.581).

Onetor: father of Laogonus (Trojan warrior): priest of Zeus at Ida (16.703).

Ophelestes (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.321).

Ophelestes (2): Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.251).

Opheltius (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Euryalus (6.23).

Opheltius (2): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.342).

Opites: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.341).

Opoeis: place where Menoetius and Patroclus came from (23.103).

Orchomenus (1): city in central Greece.

Orchomenus (2): city in Acadia.

Orestes (1): Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.811).

Orestes (2): son of Agamemnon (9.172).

Orestes (3): Trojan warrior, moves up with Asius against the wall (12.145); killed by Leonteus (12.201).

Orion: a heavenly constellation: depicted on Achilles' shield (18.603).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Orithyia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.56).

Ormenius: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.806).

Ormenus (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.321).

Ormenus (2): father of Amyntor.

Ormenus (3): Trojan warrior: killed by Polypoetes (12.194).

Ormeus: father of Amyntor, grandfather of Phoenix.

Orneae: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.647).

Orsilochus (1): son of Diocles, Achaean warrior: killed by Aeneas (5.641).

Orsilochus (2): son of river Alpheus, father of Diocles. (3) Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (8.321).

Orthaeus: Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and others to the centre of the battle (13.937).

Orthe: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.810).

Orthryoneus: warrior from Cabesus, husband of Cassandra: killed by Idomeneus: (13.439 ff).

Orus: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (11.343).

Otreus: leader of Phrygians: (3.203).

Otrynteus: father of Iphition (Trojan warrior): lives in Hyde (20.461).

Otus (1): son of Aloeus, a monster: imprisoned Ares (5.454).

Otus (2): Achaean warrior from Cyllene: killed by Polydamas (15.610).

Oucalegaon: a Trojan elder: sitting with Priam and the Scaean Gates, comment on Helen (3.159).

Ouranos: divine father of Cronos.

PaeŰon: god of healing: cures Hades of a wound (5.475); told to cure Ares, does so (5.1031).

Paeon: father of Agastrophus (Trojan warrior).

Paeonia: region in northern Greece: in Trojan display of forces (2.929); Paeonians encamped beside the sea (10.512); run off when their leader is killed (16.343); home of Apisaon (17.447); home of Asteropaeus (21.185).

Pallas: see Athena.

Palmys: Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and others to centre of the battle (13.938).

Pammon: son of Priam: cursed by Priam (24.310).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

PANDARUS: son of Lycaon, leader of troops from Zeleia (part of Trojan forces): in Trojan display of forces (2.908); Athena persuade him to break the truce by firing at Menelaus (4.105 ff); description of his bow (4.124); hits Diomedes with an arrow (5.107 ff); challenged by Aeneas to shoot Diomedes, tells story of his coming to Troy (5.192 ff); agrees to challenge Diomedes with Aeneas (5.269); challenges and fights Diomedes and is killed (5.349 ff).

Pandion: Achaean warrior: goes to help Menestheus (12.408).

Pandocus: Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (11.553).

Panic: depicted on the aegis (5.845); grips Achaeans (9.2); on Agamemnon's shield (11.38).

Panope: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.53).

Panopeus (1): town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.595); home of Schedius (17.395).

Panopeus (2): father of Epeius (Achaean warrior).

Panthous: a Trojan senior statesman: with Priam at the Scaean Gates, observes Helen (3.161); father of Polydamas (15.522); father of Euphorbus (16.937).

Paphlagonians: Trojan allies: in display of Trojan forces (2.933); take Harpalion away from battle (13.782).

PARIS: son of Priam and Hecuba, brother of Hector, abductor of Helen from Menelaus: steps forward as Trojan champion (3.15); answers Hector's criticisms, offers to fight Menelaus (3.63); prepares for duel, fights, is rescued by Aphrodite (363 ff); conversation with Helen, goes to bed with her (3.477 ff); polishing his weapons at home, talks to Hector (6.393); goes to rejoin Hector, returns to battle (6.611, 7.1); kills Menesthius (7.8); rejects Antenor's proposal to give back Helen, offers to return the property (7.414); kills Nestor's horse (8.95); hits Diomedes with an arrow, shouts in triumph (11.420 ff); hits Machaon with an arrow (11.568); hits Eurypylus in the leg with an arrow (11.655); one of the leaders in the attack on the wall (12.95); Aeneas calls to him to assistance (13.591); angry at death of Harpalion, kills Euchenor (13.787); upbraided by Hector, defends himself, advances in battle (13.907); kills De´ochus (15.402); his contempt for Hera and Athena in the Judgment of Paris (24.31); cursed by Priam (24.310).

Parrhasia: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.686).

Parthenius: river in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces (2.936).

Pasithea: one of the Graces: Hera promises her to Sleep as a bride (14.328).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

PATROCLUS: son of Menoetius, an Achaean warrior, special comrade of Achilles: returns from assembly with Achilles (1.342); hands Briseis over to Agamemnon's heralds (1.381); listens to Achilles' singing (9.233); helps to entertain the Achaean delegation to Achilles (9.246 ff); sleeps with Iphis (9.841); sent by Achilles to get information about the battle (11.676); reaches Nestor's hut, talks to him (11.725 ff); responds to Nestor's request to talk to Achilles, leaves Nestor's hut, meets Eurypylus, assists him to his hut (11.931 ff); cuts arrow from Eurypylus' thigh (11.978); Zeus foretells his future (15.77); stays with Eurypylus but leaves when he hears Trojans by the ships (15.460 ff); goes to Achilles, criticizes his heartlessness, asking to return to battle (16.2); puts on Achilles' armour, gets Automedon to prepare the chariot (16.160 ff); goes into battle, rallies his troops, kills Pyraechmes, drives Trojans from the ships (16.317 ff); kills Areilycus (16.361); pursues Trojans from the ships, kills Tronous, Thestor, Eryles, Erymas, Amphoterus, Epaltes, Tlepolemus, Echius, Pyris, Ipheus, Euippus, Polymelus (16.433 ff); goes against Sarpedon, kills Thrasymedes and Sarpedon (16.500 ff); rallies troops, urges Ajaxes to fight (16.645); fights over Sarpedon's body, kills Sthenelaus (16.678); reprimands Meriones for boasting (16.738); takes Sarpedon's armour (16.773); rallies the troops, Zeus gives him desire to fight (16.797); kills Adrestus, Autonous, Echeclus, Perimus, Epistor, Melanippus, Elasus, Mulius, Pylantes (16.806 ff); driven back from walls of Troy by Apollo (16.813 ff); attacked by Hector, kills Cebriones (16.858); fights Hector over Cebriones' body (16.875 ff); kills twenty-seven Trojans (16.910); attacked by Apollo, speared by Euphorbus, killed by Hector (16.910 ff); dying words a warning to Hector (16.978); fighting over his body (17.1 ff); dressing his corpse (18.429); Briseis laments over his corpse (19.344); his ghost visits Achilles demanding burial, requesting a common burial site with Achilles, gives details of his past (23.75).

Pedaeum: home of Imbrius.

Pedaeus: bastard son of Antenor: killed by Meges (5.78).

Pedasus (1): son of Bucolion and Abarbarea, Trojan warrior: killed by Euryalus (6.31).

Pedasus (2): town near Troy: home of Elatos (6.39); Achilles' capture of it (20.109), ruled by Altes (21.102).

Pedasus (3): city ruled by Agamemnon: offered to Achilles (9.186).

Pedasus (4): one of Achilles' horses (16.184): hit by Sarpedon's spear (16.545).

Peiraus: father of Ptolemaeus.

Peires: father of Rhigmus (Trojan warrior).

Peiritho÷s: father of Polypoetes (Achaean warrior): mentioned as an old colleague by Nestor (1.290); war on the centaurs (2.815); son of Zeus and the wife of Ixion (14.378).

Peirous: son of Imbrasus, leader of Thracians, part of Achaean forces: kills Diores (4.598); killed by Thoas (4.608).

Peisander (1): son of Antimachus, Trojan warrior: killed by Agamemnon (11.135 ff).

Peisander (2): Trojan warior: killed by Menelaus (13.715 ff).

Peisander (3): son of Maemalus, Achaean warrior, one of the commanders of the Myrmidons (16.230).

Peisenor: father of Cleitus (Trojan warrior).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Pelagon: alleged father of Asteropaeus (21.169).

Pelasgia: region near Troy: in the Trojan display of forces (2.922); Pelasgians encamped by the sea (10.514).

Pelegon (1): one of the Achaean warrior leaders serving under Nestor: receives his orders (4.346).

Pelegon (2): Trojan warrior, attendant on Sarpedon: removes the spear from Sarpedon's thigh (5.800)

PELEUS: father of Achilles: Nestor invokes his name to shame Achaeans (7.146); Odyssues reminds Achilles of his instructions (9.311); special instructions to Phoenix (9.548); receives Phoenix into his house (9.600); sacrificing in his house (11.889); gave instructions to Achilles going off to war (11.903); Achilles indicates he's still alive (16.17); took in Epeigeus as a suppliant (16.670); received armour from the gods, gave it to Achilles (17.252); given horses by the gods (17.549); very old or perhaps dead (19.407); welcomed Patroclus into his home (23.107); his good and bad fortune (24.559).

Pelias: father of Alcestis (mother of Eumeleus). (2.788).

Pelion: mountain in mainland Greece: home of the centaurs (2.816, 833); source of wood for Achilles' spear (16.173).

Pellene: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.650).

Pelops: father of Atreus, grandfather of Agamemnon and Menelaus: receives royal staff from Hermes, passes it on to his son Atreus (2.121).

Peneleus: leader of the Boeotians (part of Achaean forces), in catalogue of ships (2.570); encouraged by Poseidon in the form of Calchas (13.105); kills Ilioneus (14.569); kills Lyco (16.391); wounded by Polydamas (17.728).

Peneus: river in northern Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.826, 833).

Peraebians: inhabitants of a region in north-west Greece: in catalogue of ships (2.823).

Percote: town north of Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.912, 917); home of Pidytes (6.35); Iphidamas left his ships there (11.261); home Merops (11.375); Melanippus grazes cattle there (15.642).

Perea: place where Apollo bred horses of Admetus (2.842).

Pergamus: the high citadel of Troy: Apollo watches the battle from it (4.586); Apollo takes Aeneas there to restore him (5.529); Cassandra climbs there to observe (24.861).

Pergasus: father of Deico÷n (Trojan warrior).

Periboea: daughter of Acessamenus, mother of Asteropaeus: had sex with the river Axius (21.170).

Perieres: father of Borus.

Perimedes: father of Schedius (Achaean warrior).

Perimus: son of Megas, Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.809).

Periphas (1): son of Ochesius, Achaean warrior: killed and stripped by Ares (5.964).

Periphas (2): son of Epytos, Trojan herald: Apollo takes his form (17.412).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Periphetes (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (14.602).

Periphetes (2): son of Copreus, Achaean warrior from Mycenae: killed by Hector (15.744).

Persephone: divine wife of Hades: punishes Phoenix (9.574); Althea begs her to kill Meleager (9.718).

Perseus: son of Zeus and DanaŰ (14.381).

Peteon: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.576).

Peteos: father of Menestheus, leader of Athenians (2.629).

Phaenops (1): father of Xanthus and Tho÷n (Trojan warriors): loses his heirs (5.176).

Phaenops (2): father of Phorcys (Trojan warrior).

Phaenops (3): son of Asius, Trojan warrior: Apollo takes on his form (17.710).

Phaestus (1): town in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.722).

Phaestus (2): son of Borus, a Maeonian fighting with the Trojans: killed by Idomeneus (5.48).

Phalces: Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and others to centre of the battle (13.937); armour stripped by Antilochus (14.600).

Pharis: town in Peloponnese.

Phausius: father of Apisaon (Trojan warrior).

Phegeus: son of Dares, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.12 ff).

Pheia: town in the Peloponnese: site of fight between Pylians and Arcadians (7.158).

Pheidas: Achaean warrior: fighting against Hector (13.824).

Pheidippus: son of Thessalus, grandson of Hercules, leader of troops from many Aegean Islands: in catalogue of ships (2.751).

Pheneus: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.683).

Pherae (1): city in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.784).

Pherae (2): city in southern Peloponnese: offered to Achilles (9.185).

Phereclus: son of Tecton, Trojan warrior: killed by Meriones (5.66); made ships for Paris (5.69).

Pheres: father of Admetus.

Pherousa: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.52).

Philetor: father of Demuchus (a Trojan warrior).

Philoctetes: leader of troops from parts of Thessaly: left on Lemnos before reaching Troy (2.790).

Phlegyans: fighting against Ephyreans (13.366).

Phocis: territory of Phoceans (part of the Achaean contingent), in central Greece: Phoceans in the catalogue of ships (2.592).

PHOEBUS: see Apollo.

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

PHOENIX: son of Amyntor, old companion and tutor of Achilles, Achaean warrior: proposed as delegate to Achilles (9.206); visits Achilles with the Achaean delegation (9.222 ff); Achilles proposes he spend the night with him (9.535); responds to Achilles, tells of their special relationship, his family strife, story of Meleager (9.541 ff); stays with Achilles (9.837); leader of a contingent of Myrmidons (16.233); Athena takes on his form (17.677); stays with Achilles to mourn over Patroclus (19.379); set as umpire in the chariot race (23.440).

Phoenix (2): father of woman loved by Zeus (14.383).

Phorbas (1): father of Diomede (9.840).

Phorbas (2): father of Ilioneus (Trojan warrior): rich man, loved by Hermes (14.570).

Phorcys: son of Phaenops, leader of Phrygians (Trojan allies): in Trojan display of forces (2.945); encouraged by Hector (17.281); killed by Telamonian Ajax (17.399).

Phradmon: father of Agelaos (Trojan warrior).

Phrontis: mother of Hyperenor and Euphorbus, wife of Panthous.

Phrygia: region of Asia Minor inhabited by Phrygians, allies of the Trojans: in Trojan display of forces (2.945); Priam's visit there (3.200); (3.447); Phrygians' position in the Trojan encampment (10.516); home of Asius (16.838).

PHTHIA: region in south Thessaly (in northern Greece), home of Achilles and his father Peleus: (1.170); Achilles threatens to return there (1.186); in catalogue of ships (2.755); Achilles indicates an intention to return there (9.454); Phthians fight against Hector by the ships (13.818).

Phthires: region in Caria in Asia Minor: in Trojan display of forces (2.952).

Phylace: town in Thessaly. In catalogue of ships (2.768); home of Medon (13.829),(15.394).

Phylaces (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Leitus (6.41).

Phylaces (2): father of Iphicles.

Phyleus: father of Meges (leader of troops from Doulichium): anger at his father (2.704); his armour saves his son (15.624); one of Nestor's old opponents, beaten in the spear throw (23.787).

Phylomedusa: mother of Menesthius (an Achaean warrior).

Phylus: father of Polymele.

Pidytes: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (6.35).

Pieria: Hera goes there on the way to Sleep (14.272).

Pittheus: father of Aethrae, one of Helen's attendants: (3.157).

Pityeia: town to the north of Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.910).

Placus: mountain by Thebe, city near Troy: (6.483).

Plataea: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.580).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Pleiades: a heavenly consellation: depicted on Achilles' shield (18.603).

Pleuron: town in Aetolia: in catalogue of ships (2.715); home of Andraemon (13.263); home of Portheus (14.140); home of Ancaeus (23.784).

Podaleirus: son of Asclepius, brother of Machaon, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships: (2.804).

Podarchus: son of Iphicles, leader of Thessalians, brother of Protesilaus: in catalogue of ships (2.778); fighting against Hector by the ships (13.827).

Podarge: a harpy, mother of Achilles' horses (16.181; 19.481).

Podargos: one of Hector's horses (8.213).

Podargus: one of Menelaus' horses (23.353).

Podes: son of EŰtion, Trojan warrior: killed by Menelaus (17.700).

Polites: son of Priam: Iris takes on his form (2.868); his excellence in running (2.870); helps De´phobus away from the battle (13.640); kills Echius (15.400); cursed by Priam (24.311).

Pollux: brother of Helen: already dead at home (3.261).

Polyaimon: father of Amopaon (Trojan warrior).

Polybus: son of Antentor, Trojan warrior: preparing troops for battle (11.61).

Polydora: daughter of Peleus: has sex with the river Sperchius, mother of Menesthius (16.207).

Polydorus (1): son of Priam and Laothoe, brother of Lycaon: Lycaon tells of his death at hands of Achilles (21.106).

Polydorus (2): one of Nestor's old opponents, beaten by him in the spear throw (23.787).

POLYDAMAS: son of Panthous, Trojan warrior: preparing for battle (11.59); advises Hector on tactics to assault the ditch (12.61); one of the leaders in the attack on the wall (12.92); with troops in perplexity by the ditch (12.204); advice to Hector to withdraw in face of Zeus' omen (12.220); advises Hector to attack with best men (13.861); goes with Hector and others to the centre of the fight (13.936); rallies around wounded Hector (14.497); kills ProthoŰnor, boasts about it (14.523 ff); stops horses of dead Cleitus (15.531); kills Mecistus (15.399); kills Otus (15.610); attacked by Meges, saved by Apollo (15.611); wounds Peneleus (17.731); advises returning to the city, warns what happens if Achilles returns to fight, criticized by Hector (18.305 ff).

Polydorus: son of Priam: killed by Achilles (20.488).

Polyidus: son of Eurydamas, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.170).

Polymele: mother of Eudorus (Achaean warrior): (16.214); sex with Hermes (16.215).

Polymelus: son of Argeas, Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.486).

Polyneices: leader of an expedition against Thebes: visit to Mycenae with Tydeus to raise troops (4.441).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Polyphemus: mentioned as an old comrade by Nestor (1.294).

Polyphetes: Trojan warrior: goes with Hector and others to the centre of the battle (13.937).

Polyphontes: son of Autophonus: leader of Cadmeans in their ambush against Tydeus (4.462).

Polypoetes: son of Peiritho÷s and Hippodameia, leader of troops from parts of Thessaly (part of Achaean forces): in catalogue of ships (2.812); kills Astyalus (6.34); defends the Achaean wall (12.135); kills Damaeus, Pylon, Ormenus (12.189); enters the iron-throwing contest, wins first prize (23.1029).

Polyxenus: son of Agasthenes, grandson of Augeas, a leader of Epeians (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.700).

Portheus: great-grandfather of Diomedes: his family (14.140).

POSEIDON: major Olympian god, brother of Zeus, commonly called "Earthshaker" or "Encircler of the Earth": story of his attempt to tie Zeus up (1.443); his sacred grove at Onchestus mentioned (2.582); objects to the Achaeans building the wall (7.518); upbraids Hera for her suggestion that they intervene in the war (8.241); unyokes Zeus' horses (8.512); saved the two Molines (11.862); destroys Achaean wall in future (12.18 ff); Poseidon moves down to battle, first visiting his palace in the sea (13.12 ff); rallies Achaean in the form of Calchas (13.46 ff); encourages Teucer, Le´tus, Peneleous, Thoas, De´pyrus, Meriones, Antilochus (13.103); rouses Achaeans (13.251); meets Idomeneus in form of Thoas (13.255); at cross purposes with Zeus,, works in secret (13.418); puts a spell on Alcathous (13.522); walks among the Achaeans, talks to Agamemnon in the form of an old man (14.163); lets out a roar, encouraging Achaeans (14.177); told by Sleep that Zeus is not awake, rouses Achaeans, leads them into battle (14.420 ff); Zeus sends Iris with order for him to leave the battle (15.187 ff); complains about Zeus, indicates the division of power in heaven (15.219); leaves the battle (15.263); asks Zeus his purposes in an assembly (20.14); leaves Olympus to help Achaeans (20.42); shakes the earth in the battle (20.69); balances Apollo in battle (20.78); talks with Hera about helping Achilles, takes them to sit on the wall built for him earlier (20.139 ff); saves Aeneas from Achilles, puts mist on Achilles eyes (20.346 ff); tells Aeneas not to fight Achilles (20.392); removes mist from Achilles eyes (20.405); his delight in sacrifice (20.485); pledges help to Achilles trapped by the river (21.344); tries to get Apollo to attack him, tells story of their hired labour for Laomedon (21.523 ff); objects to gods' plans to have Hermes steal Hector's body (24.27).

Practius: town to the north of Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.917).

Prayers: daughters of Zeus: walk behind Folly (9.628).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

PRIAM: king of Troy, husband of Hecuba, father of Hector and numerous others: mentioned by Hera (2.189); talks to Helen about Achaean troops (3.175 ff); advised by Idaios to administer oaths, goes out to the armies (3.276 ff); speaks to both armies and returns (3.341); description of his palace (6.307); tells Trojans he's send Paris' offer to return the goods to Agamemnon (7.427); orders Trojans not to lament while collecting the dead (7.499); honours Imbrius (13.205); promises Cassandra to Orthryoneus (13.446); his family tree (20.283); told Polydorus not to fight (20.490); observes Achilles, instructs gatekeepers (21.634); observes Hector isolated outside the wall, begs him to come inside (22.32); predicts his fate (22.77); reaction to sight of dead Hector (22.508 ff); lamenting in Troy, visited by Iris with instructions from Zeus (24.200); gives instructions to sons to prepare a cart, speaks to Hecuba about his trip (24.236 ff); picks out material for ransom to take to Achilles (24.287); chases Trojans from his courtyard, curses his sons (24.295); takes Hecuba's advice about making an offering to Zeus, prays to Zeus (24.372); afraid at meeting Hermes, talks to him (24.443 ff); enters Achilles' hut, pleads for the return of Hector (24.579 ff); his good and bad fortune (24.671); shares a meal with Achilles (24.771); asks Achilles for time to mourn Hector, collect wood (24.812); sleeps on Achilles' porch, woken up by Hermes (24.831); gets back to Troy (24.857); instructs Trojans to collect wood for Hector's pyre (24.957).

Proetus: ancient king of Argos: hostility to Bellerophon (6.196).

Promachus: a Boeotian warrior with Achaean forces: killed by Acamas (14.555).

Pronous: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.464).

Protesilaus: leader of troops from Thessaly (part of Achaean forces): killed while landing at Troy before anyone else (2.771).

ProthoŰnor: son of Areilycus, one of the Boeotian leaders in the Achaean force: in the catalogue of ships (2.571); killed by Polydamas (14.525).

Protho÷n: Trojan warrior: killed by Teucer (14.602).

Prothous: son of Teuthredon, leader of the Magnetes (part of Achaean forces): in catalogue of ships (2.832).

Protiaon: father of Astynous (Trojan warrior).

Proto: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.51).

Prytanis: Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (5.785).

Pteleum (1): town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.670).

Pteleum (2): town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.771).

Ptolemaeus: father of Eurymedon (aide to Agamemnon) (4.265).

Pylaemenes: leader of Paphlagonian troops (part of Trojan forces): in display of Trojan forces (2.932); killed by Menelaus (5.675).

Pylaeus: son of Lethus, leader of troops from regions near Troy (part of Trojan army): in Trojan display of forces (2.923).

Pylantes (1): Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (11.554).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Pylantes (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.811).

Pylene: town in Aetolia: in catalogue of ships (2.715).

Pylians: residents of Pylos: fight with the Arcadians (7.156); Nestor tells story of their war with Eleans (11.759 ff); given power by Zeus (11.864).

Pylon: Trojan warrior: killed by Polypoetes (12.194).

Pylos: area in south Peloponnese, and central city in that area, ruled by Nestor: (1.278); in catalogue of ships (2.668); region of cities offered to Achilles (9.187); Nestor drove cattle there (11.773).

Pyraechmes: leader of troops from Paeonia (Trojan allies): in Trojan display of forces (2.929); killed by Patroclus (16.340).

Pyrasus (1) town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.768).

Pyrasus (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (11.554).

Pyris: Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.486).

Pytho: town in Phocis (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.595); wealth of Apollo's shrine there (9.510).

Rhadamanthus: son of Zeus (14.384).

Rhea: goddess, wife of Cronos: gave Hera to Oceanus and Tethys (14.243); her three sons with Cronos (15.224).

Rhene: mother of Medon (illegitimate son of O´leus).

Rhesus (1): king of a Thracian contingent, Trojan allies: quality of his horses and armour, position in the camp (10.522); sleeping in the middle of his troops (10.567); killed by Diomedes (10.592).

Rhesus (2): river flowing from Mount Ida to the sea: stirred into action by Poseidon and Apollo (12.20).

Rhigmus: son of Peires, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.582).

Rhipe:Ętown in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.684).

Rhodes: large island in eastern Mediterranean: in catalogue of ships (2.729).

Rhodius: river from Mount Ida to the sea: stirred up by Poseidon and Apollo to destroy the wall (12.21).

Rhytium: town in Crete: in catalogue of ships (2.722).

Rumour: messenger from Zeus (2.109).

Salamis: island off mainland Greece, home of Telamonian Ajax.

Samos (1): island off west coast of mainland Greece, ruled by Odysseus: in catalogue of ships (2.709).

Samos (2): island in northern Aegean Sea.

Samothrace: island in the Aegean Sea: Poseidon's view point on the battle (13.12).

Sangarius: river in Phyrgia: (3.204); home of Asius (16.837).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

SARPEDON: son of Zeus and Laaodamia, leader of the Lycians, Trojan allies: in Trojan display of forces: (2.960); complains of Hector's treatment of allies (5.558); challenged by Tlepolemos, kills him (5.733 ff); wounded in the thigh (5.767); appeals to Hector (5.788); has spear removed (5.800); story of his birth (6.255); leads allies in assault on the wall (12.106); stirred to action by Zeus (12.315); speech to Glaucus on the warrior ethic (12.332); upset at wounding of Glaucus, keeps fighting, kills Alcmaon, pulls down a section of the parapet (12.431 ff); hit by an arrow from Teucer, withdraws, calls to his Lycians (12.441); helps defend wounded Hector (14.498); Zeus foretells his death (15.82); rallies Lycians against Patroclus, goes against him, gods decide he must die, fights, hits one of Patroclus' horses, and dies (16.489 ff); dying words to Glaucus (16.571 ff); struggle over his body (16.657 ff); condition of his body in the fight (16.744); body taken by Apollo, given to Sleep and Death, put in Lycia (16.790 ff); his armour set up as prize for hand to hand fighting (23.985).

Satnioeis: river near Troy (14.520); home of Altes (21.103).

Satnius: son of Enops and a Naiad nymph, Trojan warrior: killed by O´lean Ajax (14.517).

SCAEN GATES: the major gates through the Trojan walls: Helen visits the gates (3.158); Priam and Antenor go through them to armies (3.294); Hector meets Andromache and Astyanax there (6.479); limit of Hector's activity before Achilles' withdrawal (9.339); Trojans rally there (11.194); Apollo advises Hector there (16.831).

SCAMANDER: river outside Troy (also called the Xanthus), son of Zeus: (8.657); stirred up by Poseidon and Apollo to destroy the wall (12.22); wounded Hector stops there (14.507). See Xanthus.

Scamandrius (1): son of Strophius, Trojan warrior: killed by Menelaus (5.54).

Scamandrius (2): see Astyanax.

Scandia: home of Amphidamas (10.318).

Scarphe: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.608).

Schedius (1): son of Perimedes, Achaean warrior, commander of Phoceans: in catalogue of ships (2.592); killed by Hector (15.607).

Schedius (2): son of Iphitus, Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (17.393).

Schoenus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.573).

Scolus: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.573).

Scyros: island in the Aegean: Achilles son being raised there (19.399).

Seasons: goddesses who look after the gates of Olympus: (5.855); (8.459); unyoke Hera's horses (8.505).

Selagus: father of Amphius (Trojan warrior).

Selepius: king of Lyrnessus, father of Euneus, grandfather of Mynes and Epistrophus.

Selle´s (1): river in north-west Greece: (2.734).

Selle´s (2): river north of Troy: in Trojan display of forces (2.921); home of Asius (12.101).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Selli: priests of Zeus at Dodona (16.279).

Semele: a woman loved by Zeus, mother of Dionysus (14.386).

Sesamus: town in Paphlagonia: in display of Trojan forces: (2.935).

Sestos: town on the north side of the Hellespont: in Trojan display of forces (2.917).

Sicyon: town ruled by Agamemnon: in catalogue of ships (2.648); home of Echepolus (23.359).

Sidon: city in Phoenicia: store of goods from Sidon in Troy (6.366).

Simoeis: river near Troy: provides ambrosia for Hera's horses (5.889); stirred up by Poseidon and Apollo to destroy the wall (12.22); Ares moves along there encouraging Trojans (20.64); Scamander appeals to him for help against Achilles (21.371).

Simoeisius: son of Anthemion, Trojan warrior: killed by Telamonian Ajax (4.549 ff).

Sipylus: mountain area where Niobe still exists (24.762).

Sisyphus: son of Aeolus, father Glaucus: lived in Ephyra (6.191).

Sleep: god, brother of death: Hera visits him on Lemnos, offers him a bride, he agrees to put Zeus to sleep (14.277 ff); goes to Ida, sits in a tree as a bird (14.335 ff); returns to the army to tell Poseidon Zeus is sleeping (14.419); deals with Sarpedon's body (16.794).

Sminthean: epithet of Apollo: (1.41).

Socus: son of Hippasus, Trojan warrior: challenges Odysseus, fights him, is killed (11.486).

Solymi: tribe in Lycia: attacked by Bellerophon (6.237).

South Wind: (2.470); (3.9).

Sparta: city in Lacedaemon, home of Menelaus and (originally) Helen: in catalogue of ships (2.658): Hera's special love for Sparta (3.63).

Speio: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.49).

Spercheus: river, father of Menesthius, after copulating with Polydora (16.206); Achilles prays to the river (23.170).

Sphelus: son of Bucolus, father of Iasus.

Stentor: Achaean warrior, famous for his loud voice: Hera takes on his shape (5.896).

Sthenelaus: son of Ithaemenes, Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.682).

STHENELUS (1): son of Capaneus, one of leaders of troops from the Argolid, special comrade of Diomedes: in catalogue of ships (2.641); upbraided by Agamemnon before battle, replies to Agamemnon (4.434 ff); pulls arrow from Diomedes (5.127); advises Diomedes to draw back (5.285); captures Aeneas' horses (5.377); removed from chariot by Athena (5.956); takes Nestor's horses (8.130); Diomedes says he'll stay with him if the army returns (9.57); collects Diomedes' prize in chariot race (23.622).

Sthenelus (2): son of Perseus, father of Eurystheus (19.152).

Stichius: Achaean warrior: carries off Amphimachus (13.241); fighting against Hector (13.824); killed by Hector (15.389).

Stratie: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.684).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

STRIFE: goddess active in war, sister of Ares: accompanies Ares and Athena into battle (4.513); active on the battle field (5.612); leads Trojans, helping Hector (5.696); depicted on the aegis (5.845); sent by Zeus to Achaean ships, stands by Odysseus' ship, lets out a yell (11.3 ff); pleased at the killing (11.77); depicted on Achilles' shield (18.659); in action in the battle (20.57).

Strophius: father of Scamandrius (a Trojan warrior).

Stymphelus: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.685).

Styra: town in Euboea: in catalogue of ships (2.617).

Styx: special underground river on which gods swear their oaths: Titaressus a branch of the Styx (2.830); (8.429).

Syme: island in the Aegean Sea.

Talaemenes: father of Mesthles and Antiphus (allies of the Trojans).

Talaus: father of Mecisteus and grandfather of Euryalus.

TALTHYBIUS: one of the Achaean heralds: sent by Agamemnon to collect Briseis (1.356 ff); sent by Agamemnon to fetch sacrifical animals (3.132); ordered by Agamemnon to fetch Machaon to heal Menelaus, does so (4.226 ff); helps Agamemnon at a sacrifice (19.327); takes a cauldron from Agamemnon (23.1103).

Tarne: city in Maeonia.

Tarphe: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.609).

Tartarus: deep pit below the earth: Zeus threatens to send disobedient gods there (8.15); Iapetus and Cronos live there (8.565); Hera swears by gods there (14.331).

Tecton: son of Harmon, father of Phereclus (Trojan warrior).

Tegea: town in Arcadia: in catalogue of ships (2.685).

Telamon: father of the Greater Ajax and Teucer, both important Achaean warriors: father who cared for Teucer (8.331).

Telemachus: son of Odysseus: mentioned by Odysseus (2.307).

Tenedos: island a short distance off the coast from Troy: (1.41); (1.507); sacked by Achilles (11.704); (13.34).

Tereia: mountain to the north of Troy: in display of Trojan forces (2.911).

Terror: son of Ares, divine presence active in battle: accompanies Ares and Athena into battle (4.513); depicted on Agamemnon's shield (11.38); (13.362); told to get Ares' horses ready (15.143).

Tethys: wife of Oceanus: raised Hera (14.242, 357).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

TEUCER: bastard son of Telamon, an Achaean warrior: kills Aretaon (6.36); returns to battle, kills Orsilochos, Ormenus, Ophelestes, Daitor, Chromius, Lycophontes, Amopaon, Melanippus, praised by Agamemnon (8.312 ff); complains how hard Hector is to hit (8.341); kills Gorgythion (8.353); kills Arkheptolemos (8.363); wounded by Hector (8.380); goes with Telamonian Ajax to help Menestheus (12.407); wounds Glaucus with an arrow (12.425); moves to attack Sarpedon, hits him with an arrow (12.441 ff); encouraged by Poseidon as Calchas (13.104); kills Imbrius (13.198 ff); kills Protho÷n and Periphetes (14.602); collects the best troops to fight Hector (15.359); kills Cleitus (15.519); Zeus breaks his bow string, he complains to Ajax (15.541 ff); enters the archery contest (23.1058).

Teutamus: father of Lethus, grandfather of Hippothous and Pylaeus (Trojan warriors).

Teuthranus: father of Axylus.

Teuthras: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.811).

Teuthredon: father of Prothous (Achaean warrior).

Thaleia: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.48).

Thalpius: son of Eurytus, descendant of Actor, a leader of Epeians, part of the Achaean forces: in catalogue of ships (2.697).

Thalysius: father of Echepolus (Trojan warrior).

Thamyris: singer from Thrace: punishment by the Muses (2.671).

Thaumachia: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.789).

Theano: daughter of Cisseus, wife of Antenor: raises a bastard son, Pedaeus, as her own (5.79); priestess of Athena in Troy (6.374); mother of Iphidamas (11.254).

Thebaios: father of Eniopeus (Trojan warrior).

Thebe: city near Troy: Achilles tells story of its capture (1.405); captured by Achilles (2.763).

Thebes: (1) city in Boeotia: proposed expedition against it by Polyneices and Tydeus (4.442); Sthenelus boasts of its capture (4.475); Tydeus visit to Thebes (5.918); Tydeus died there (6.282); birthplace of Hercules (19.123). Lower Thebes: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.581).

Thebes (2): city in Egypt: its wealth (9.477).

Themis: goddess: hands Hera her cup, talks to her (15.106); asked by Zeus to call gods to assembly (20.6).

Thersilochus: Trojan warrior from Paeonia: encouraged by Hector (17.280); killed by Achilles (21.249).

Thersites: a common Achaean soldier: insults Agamemnon and is beaten by Odysseus (2.247 ff).

Theseus, son of Aegeus, mentioned by Nestor as an old comrade (1.294).

Thespeia: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.574).

Thessalus: father of Pheidippus and Antiphus (leaders of troops from Aegean Islands).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Thestor (1): father of the prophet Calchas (1.74).

Thestor (2): father of the Achaean warrior Alcmaon.

Thestor (3): son of Enops, Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.467).

THETIS: divine sea nymph, mother of Achilles, daughter of the old man of the sea: responds to Achilles' prayer for help, visits him (1.396 ff); story of her saving Zeus from other gods (1.439); laments Achilles' fate, offers to seek Zeus help for him (1.460); visits Zeus, ask for help for Achilles (1.551 ff); Athena complains about Zeus' favour to her (8.431); told Achilles his fate (9.516); took in Epeigeus as a suppliant (16.670); doesn't tell Achilles of Patroclus' death (17.511); hears Achilles' cry of grief, leads the lament in the sea (18.44 ff); goes to Achilles (18.79); promises to get armour for Achilles, sends her sisters away, goes to Olympus (18.158 ff); visits Hephaestus to get weapons for Achilles (18.458 ff); helped Hephaestus (18.502); tells Hephaestus Achilles' story, asks for new weapons (18.529); leaves Olympus with armour for Achilles (18.747); gives Achilles the divine armour (19.3 ff); tells Achilles to renounce his anger (19.41); meets Iris who summons her to Zeus, goes to Olympus, hear Zeus' solution to problem of Hector's body (24.103); receives instructions from Zeus, visits Achilles, tells him to accept a ransom (24.128).

Thisbe: town in Boeotia: in catalogue of ships (2.578).

Thoas: (1) son of Andraemon, leader of Aetolians (part of Achaean army): in catalogue of ships (2.714); kills Peirous ; volunteers to fight Hector (7.201); encouraged by Poseidon in form of Calchas (13.105); Poseidon takes on his form (13.262); sees restored Hector, proposes the best men remain in battle and the rest go back to the ships (15.336); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.296).

Thoas (2): king of Lemnos: (14.276); received gift of a fine silver bowl (23.919).

Thoas (3): Trojan warrior: killed by Menelaus (16.365).

ThoŰ: a Nereid (daughter of Nereus): laments with her sisters (18.49).

Tho÷n (1): son of Phaenops, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.174).

Tho÷n (2): Trojan warrior: killed by Odysseus (11.481).

Tho÷n (3): Trojan warrior: comes up with Asius to assault the wall (12.146); killed by Antilochus (13.652).

Tho÷tes: Achaean herald: asked by Menestheus to get help from Ajaxes, does so (12.371).

Thrace: region north of the Hellespont: home of Iphidamas (11.253); (13.365); Hera goes over there on the way to visit Sleep (14.274).

Thracians: inhabitants of Thrace, allies of the Trojans: in Trojan display of forces (2.925); new arrivals in the camp (10.521).

Thrasius: Trojan warrior from Paeonia: killed by Achilles (21.250).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

Thrasymedes: (1) son of Nestor, Achaean warrior: leads out the sentinels (9.100); attends council meeting (10.234); volunteers for spy mission (10.271); gives Diomedes a sword (10.303); Nestor takes his shield (14.11); kills Maris (16.377); position in the battle (17.477); sent by Menelaus to help (17.860); helps fetch gifts for Achilles (19.295).

Thrasymelus: Trojan warrior, companion of Sarpedon: killed by Patroclus (16.542).

Thronion: town in Locris (in central Greece): in catalogue of ships (2.259).

Thryoessa: city in war between Pylians and Epeians (11.810).

Thryum: town ruled by Nestor: in catalogue of ships (2.668).

Thyestes: brother of Atreus, thus uncle of Agamemnon and Menelaus, not a character in the Iliad: receives royal staff from Atreus, passes it on to Agamemnon (2.123).

Thymbraeus: Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (11.364).

Thymbre: town near Troy: (10.514).

Thymoetes: senior Trojan statesman: with Priam at the Scaean Gates, observing Helen (3.161).

Timolus: mountain in Asia Minor, near Hyde (20.462).

Tiryns: city in the Argolid: in catalogue of ships (2.637).

Titans: gods imprisoned by Zeus in Tartarus (14.331).

Titanus: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.807).

Titaressus: river in north-western Greece, a branch of the river Styx: special quality of its waters (2.825).

Tithonus: lover of Dawn (11.1); son of Laomedon (20.283).

Tlepolemus (1): son of Hercules and Astyocheia, leader of troops from Rhodes, part of Achaean army: in catalogue of ships (2.728); story of his murder of Licymnius (2.731); challenges Sarpedon, fights, and dies (5.733 ff).

Tlepolemus (2): son of Damastor, Trojan warrior: killed by Patroclus (16.485).

Tmolus: mountain in Meonia: in Trojan display of forces (2.950).

Trachis: town in Pelasgian Argos: in catalogue of ships (2.755).

Trechus: Achaean warrior: killed by Hector (5.812).

Tricca: town in Thessaly: in catalogue of ships (2.801).

Tritogeneia: a name associated with Athena.

Troezene: town in the Argolid: in the catalogue of ships (2.638).

Troezenus: father of Euphemus (Trojan ally), son of Ceos.

Troilus: son of Priam: mentioned by Priam (24.320).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

TROJANS: inhabitants of Troy (thus separate from their allies): march out in formation (3.2); pray that the truce will hold (3.333, 355); their hatred for Paris (3.510); sense the gods will break the truce (4.98); move to battle in a confusion of languages (4.506); rallied by Ares (5.549); go out to collect their dead (7.490); move out against Achaeans (8.63); given renewed force by Zeus (8.391); prepare a feast and sacrifice in the plain (8.639); Dolon reveals their arrangement in camp (10.499); pushed back to city by Agamemnon (11.173 ff); advanced against Odysseus (11.471); organize themselves to attack the wall (12.89); charge the Achaeans by the wall (12.110); attempts to undermine the wall (12.274); following Hector to attack the ships (13.42); advance against Achaeans inside the wall (13.160); charge Achaeans en masse (13.401); attack Achaeans in close formation (13.946); retreat from the ships (15.1); Zeus foretells the future of the war (15.74 ff); attack Achaeans (15.364); fight their way to the ships (15.453); attack the ships (15.693); driven back from the ships (16.346); response to Sarpedon's death (16.638); charge Ajax guarding the body of Patroclus (17.301); charge Achaeans again over body of Patroclus (17.339); encourage each other over Patroclus' body (17.526); terrifed by Achilles shout (18.275); hold assembly to decide what to do (18.299 ff); reject Polydamas' advice (18.388); escape Achilles into the city (21.729); reaction to sight of dead Hector (22.508); rush out to see Priam returning with Hector (24.873); collect wood for Hector's pyre, give him funeral rites (24.964).

Tros (1): son of Alastor, Trojan warrior: killed by Achilles (20.555).

Tros (2): son of Erichthonius, father of Ilus, Assaracus, Ganymede, earlier king of Troy, ancestor of Priam, father of Ganymede: quality of his horses giiven as payment from Zeus for Ganymede (5.314); his story told by Aeneas (20.275).

Tychius: maker of Ajax's shield (7.261).

Tydeus: father of Diomedes: story of his achievements (4.436); achieves retold by Athena (5.913); killed at Thebes (6.282); Diomedes invokes him in prayer to Athena (10.339); Diomedes speaks of him (14.138 ff).

Typhoeus: fabulous monster held captive underground by Zeus: Achaean army compared to T. (2.861).

Wain: a constellation of stars (also called the Bear): depicted on Achilles' shield (18.604).

West Wind: (2.173); whips up the sea (9.5); conceived Achilles' horses with Podarge (16.182); Iris delivers a message to the winds at his home (23.241).

Xanthus (1): one of Hector's horses (8.213).

Xanthus (2): son of Phaenops, Trojan warrior: killed by Diomedes (5.174).

Xanthus (3): river in Lycia (Asia Minor): in Trojan display of forces (2.961); Bellerophon goes there (6.220); near Sarpedon's estates (12.338).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

XANTHUS (4): river outside Troy, also called the Scamander, also the god of the river: leaves Olympus to help the Trojans (20.49); opposes Hephaestus in battle (20.86); Achilles kills men in the river (21.20 ff); river gets angry at Achilles' slaughter of Trojans (21.164 ff); calls to Achilles to stop the slaughter (21.252); cries out to Apollo about Achilles' conduct (21.275); attacks Achilles (21.284); calls to his brother to help against Achilles (21.371); burned by Hephaestus, agrees to stop fighting Achilles, appeals to Hera (21.427 ff); springs feeding the river (22.184).

Xanthus (5): one of Achilles horses (16.180); talks to Achilles (19.486).

Zacynthus: island off west coast of Greece, part of area ruled by Odysseus: in catalogue of ships (2.709).

Zeleia: town close to Troy on lower slopes of Mt. Ida: in Trojan display of forces (2.906).

Zephyrus: the west wind: Achilles prays to it for help, Iris delivers his message, he complies (23.235 ff). See West Wind.

ZEUS: most powerful of the gods, common called "the son of Cronos," "cloud gatherer," "lord of the lightning bolt," "aegis bearing," brother and husband of Hera, father of numerous gods: mentioned in the invocation (1.6); Agamemnon claims a special relationship with Z. (1.194); story of Zeus' being saved by Thetis from other gods (1.439); returns from Ethiopians, visited by Thetis, agrees to grant her request to help Achilles (1.549 ff); threatens Hera if she keeps pestering him (1.627); goes to sleep with Hera beside him (1.685); worried about how to deal with Thetis' request, sends Dream to Agamemnon (2.1 ff); receives royal staff from Hephaestus, passes it on to Hermes (2.118); Agamemnon blames Zeus for their lack of success (2.130); Odysseus tells of his serpent omen eating birds and being turned to stone (2.362 ff); omens when Achaeans set out to sea (2.415); refuses Agamemnon's prayer (2.494); special favours for people of Rhodes (2.743); sends Iris to organize Trojans (2.865); declines sacrifice of Achaeans and Trojans for a truce (3.340); in assembly of gods, provokes Hera (4.2 ff); agrees to break truce, instructs Athena to see to it (4.83); tells Aphrodite to stay away from battle (5.508); tells Athena to chase Ares from the battle (5.874); appealed to by wounded Ares, chastises him, blaming Hera (5.994 ff); steals Glaucus' wits (6.298); answers Poseidon's objection about Achaean wall (7.530); plots bad things for troops (7.555); tells gods not to intervene in the war, boasts of his strength (8.4); responds to Athena, leaves Olympus for Ida (7.44 ff); holds up his golden scales, result favours the Trojans, sends thunderclap (8.77); sends a lightning bolt to stop Diomedes (8.153); peals thunder three times to stop Diomedes (8.195); gives glory to Hector (8.250); pities Agamemnon, sends bird omen to the Achaeans (8.287); puts renewed force into Trojans (8.391); Athena complains about his favours to Thetis (8.430); angry and Zeus and Hera, sends Iris to stop their visit to the battle (8.463 ff); returns to Olympus from Ida (8.510); reveals his plan to glorify Hector and Achilles (8.549); Agamemnon complains of his deceit (9.19); punishes Phoenix (9.574); sends Strife to Achaean ships (11.3); send down rain of blood (11.54); gazes at the battle (11.85); pulls Hector back (11.186); goes to Ida, send Iris with order for Hector (11.208 ff); looks from Ida onto battle, makes the contest equal (11.382); makes Telamonian Ajax afraid (11.615); put power into Pylians (11.864); helps to destroy Achaean wall in future (12.27); desires to give Hector glory (12.181); omen sent to soldiers (12.209); Zeus sends winds from Ida to disorient Achaeans (12.270); stirs Sarpedon to action (12.315); gives glory to Hector (12.482); turns away from the battles (13.3); aat cross purposes with Poseidon (13.418); reaction to being deceived by Sleep over Hercules (14.292); seduced by Hera on Mount Ida (14.345 ff); list of his various sexual encounters (14.377); wakes up on Ida, sees wounded Hector, berates Hera, reminds her of her earlier punishment, tells her the future of the war (15.4 ff); sends Iris with orders for Poseidon to leave the battle, boasts of his strength (15.186 ff); division of power in his family (15.224); instructs Apollo to restore wounded Hector (15.266); hears Nestor's prayer, sends a thunder clap (15.446); breaks Teucer's bow string (15.541); strengths Trojans, weakens Achaeans (15.694); neutralizing Ajax's strength (16.147); hears Achilles' prayer (16.298); pities Sarpedon, agrees he must die, sends blood rain (16.504); spreads darkness over the battle (16.661); ponders options, takes Hector's courage (16.750 ff); tells Apollo to take Sarpedon's body to Lycia (16.775); gives Patroclus desire to fight (16.802); gives Hector Patroclus' (Achilles') helmet (16.927); responsible for a warrior's courage (17.227); observes Hector putting on Achilles' armour, fits armour to Hector, fills him with strength (17.256); helps Achaeans defend Patroclus' body (17.348); makes battle over Patroclus destructive (17.502); pities Achilles' horses in mourning for Patroclus, refuses to let Hector have them, gives horses strength (17.546 ff); shakes aegis, peals thunder, awarding victory to Trojans (17.723); responds to Ajax's prayer, removes mist from Achaeans (17.790); conversation with Hera about Achilles' return (18.443); Agamemnon blames him for quarrel (19.107); once deceived by Ate (19.117 ff); threw Ate from Olympus (19.156); Agamemnon prays to him, swears he has not had sex with Briseis (19.315); pities Achilles, tells Athena to give him strength (19.414); asks Themis to call assembly of gods, lets gods join the war (20.6 ff); thunders in the battle (20.67); once rescued Aeneas from Achilles (20.110); his love for Dardanus and hatred for Priam (20.364); Achilles appeals to him for help to escape the river Scamander (21.327); laughs to see the gods fighting amongst themselves (21.467); consoles Artemis after Hera beats her (21.610); watches Achilles chasing Hector, considers sparing Hector, sends Athena to intervene (22.206); raises his scales, determining Hector's fate (22.260); refuses to permit Hermes to steal the body of Hector, sets up a compromise, calls for someone to summon Thetis (24.78); instructs Thetis to tell Achilles to compromise over Hector's body (24.127); instructs Iris to visit Priam, tell him to go to Achilles to get Hector (24.177); hears Priam's prayer, sends an omen, instructs Hermes to guide Priam (24.392 ff); description of his two jars of gifts (24.650); turned people to stone (24.758).

[Note that line references are to the on-line translation by Ian Johnston, available here.  These are anywhere from 15 to 30 percent higher than the position in the Greek text]

 


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